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2nd Six Weeks Test

QuestionAnswer
Who was the commander of the Continental Army? George Washington
What were some American advantages? They were fighting on their own land, had excellent military leadership, had more motivation, and had the French and Spanish as allies.
What were some British advantages? They had probably the best army in the world, 1/3 of the colonists were Loyalists, and they had more money, people, weapons, and supplies.
Who is known for betraying the Americans and becoming a British spy? Benedict Arnold
What is the significance of the Battles of Lexington and Concord? Thomas Gage tried to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock, "The Shot Heard 'Round the World", signified beginning of the American Revolution.
What is the significance of Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point? Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys raided British forts in New York and stole their cannons.
What is the significance of the Battle of Bunker Hill? William Prescott said, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes!", took place on Breed's Hill, Thomas Gage's army suffered twice as many casualties but still won.
What is the significance of the Battles of Trenton and Princeton? Washington read "The Crisis" to his soldiers to motivate them, they crossed the Delaware River on Christmas night and attacked the German Hessians at Trenton, then attacked the British at Princeton.
What is the significance of the Battle of Saratoga? It is known as the turning point of the American Revolution and the French began to openly send money and supplies to the Patriots, Benedict Arnold switched sides to join the British.
What is the significance of the Winter at Valley Forge? Washington's army stayed in Valley Forge, where there was very little food, warmth, and supplies, and Baron Von Steuben helped train Washington's militia.
What was the significance of the Battle of Yorktown? General Cornwallis was forced to surrender, and it was the last major battle of the American Revolution.
Put the following events in chronological order: Battles of Trenton and Princeton, the Battle of Yorktown, the Battle of Saratoga, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The Battles of Lexington and Concord, the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Battles of Trenton and Princeton, the Battle of Saratoga, and the Battle of Yorktown.
What is George Rogers Clark known for? Raiding British forts along the Frontier.
What was the ship John Paul Jones fought in? Bonhomme Richard
What was the British ship called? Serapis
Who said "I have not yet begun to fight"? John Paul Jones
What was the worst American defeat in the revolution? Savannah and Charlestown- The Loyalists helped the British capture Savannah in 1778 and Charlestown in 1780.
What was Francis Marion's nickname? "Swamp Fox"- he lived near swamps and would shoot at the British from hidden, causing them more casualties.
What is the significance of Nathaniel Greene? He followed Marion's technique and him and the Continental Army slowly took out many of the British soldiers.
What are grievances? Complaints to the King.
Who was the king during the American Revolution? King George III
What is the significance of Proclamation of 1763? It kept settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains.
What is the significance of the Quartering Act of 1765? It required the colonists to house and feed British soldiers.
What is the significance of the Stamp Act of 1765? Taxes were payed on any printed goods, a direct tax, Sons of Liberty formed.
What is the significance of the Townshend Acts of 1767? It taxed all imported goods, an indirect tax.
What is the significance of the Boston Massacre of 1770? It is recognized as a symbol of British tyranny.
What is the significance of the Tea Act of 1773? It took away the Stamp Act so colonists would continue buying tea from the Dutch East India company, but they still refused.
What is the significance of the Boston Tea Party of 1773? (By the way, a random trick/rhyme I made is "It's all about tea in '73." Just remember that.) Bostonians dressed as Native Americans threw 342 trunks of tea into the harbor.
What is the significance of the Intolerable Acts of 1774? Closed the Boston Harbor, banned town meetings, and enforced the Quartering Acts.
What is the significance of the First Continental Congress? 56 delegates from 12 colonies, they sent letters to King George urging him to restore the peace, urged colonies to ready their militias.
What is "Common Sense"? A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, telling the colonies they need to break free.
What is "The Crisis?" A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, urging the colonists to keep fighting.
Who is the primary author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson, but Benjamin Franklin and John Adams helped
Who inspired "Life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness" in the Declaration of Independence? John Locke
Who was a very enthusiastic and popular preacher in the Great Awakening? George Whitefield
What were the Writs of Assistance? Documents that gave British soldiers the right to search houses for smuggled goods.
Why was Abigail Adams considered ahead of her time? She believed women should have a voice in government.
Who said, "Give me liberty or give me death"? Patrick Henry
Who surrendered to Gates and Arnold in the Battle of Saratoga? Burgoyne
Who were Hessians? German mercenaries hired by the British to help them fight.
Who is James Armistead? An African American slave who served as a spy for the Patriots.
Who is Mercy Otis Warren? A female author and poet who helped boycott.
Who is Wentworth Cheswell? An African American who warned the Americans about the British in the Battle of Saratoga.
Who is Marquis de Lafayette? A French officer who volunteered to serve for the Patriots.
Who is Bernardo de Galvez? The Spanish governor of Louisiana and a Patriot ally.
Who is Haym Soloman? A rich Patriot leader who helped finance the revolution.
What is the significance of the Treaty of Paris 1783? The British finally recognized the United Sates as an independent nation, Great Lakes and Canada were North border, Mississippi River was west border, and Florida was south border.
What were some effects of the war? America was in debt, a new government was created, and it inspired the French Revolution.
Created by: reesealot
 

 



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