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2nd six weeks test

Report card test

TermDefinition
Roanoke Croatoan; The Lost Colony
Plymouth Pilgrims; 1620
Magna Carta 1215; limited the power of the English King; foundation for English Bill of Rights
Treaty of Paris 1763 American colonies are free and have rights to all lands East of the Mississippi river
Navigation Acts All shipping done in English or Colonial Ships; tobacco, wood, and sugar all sold in English land; European imports must pass through England 1st, all goods not shipped through England are taxed
Mayflower Compact Agreement signed on the Mayflower ship by Pilgrims
Join or Die Cartoon Drawn by Benjamin Franklin; the colonies join together and fight against the French in the French and Indian war
Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could go past the Appalachian Mountains after the French and Indian War
Intolerable Acts Parliament closed the Boston Harbor,1774
Enlightenment Science, john Locke, Newton
Great Awakening Religious revival, Johnathan Edwards, George Whitefield
Boston Massacre March, 1770; a symbol for british tyranny
Boston Tea Party December, 1773
Stamp Act 1765, taxed all documents and paper products
1st Continental Congress September 1774, 55colonial delegates gathered in Philadelphia
Lexington and Concord 1775, British march to arrest Patriot leaders and destroy the militia's supplies; signaled the start of the Revolutionary war
Taxation without Representation Colonists opposed taxes since they didn't have representation in the Parliament
Declaration of Independence July 4,1776; people should be able to change the government when the government doesn't protect their rights
Unalienable Rights Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness; Cannot be denied by government, given when u are born, cannot be taken away
Haym Soloman rich Jewish who helped finance the American Revolution with interest-free loans
Bernardo de Galvez Raised an army of Spanish soldiers for the Patriot cause
King George III King during American Revolution; pulled his statue down!!
Mercy Otis Warren leader in the Daughters of Liberty; wrote poems and plays supporting Revolution
French and Indian war Began in 1754; British vs. French, British won
American Grievances against King George III taxed colonists without consent; quartered soldiers among colonists ; deprived colonists of trial by jury; dissolved colonists Representative assemblies
British Advantages more people; 1/3 of colonists were Loyalists ;trained army; strong Navy
American Advantages Large territory to control; better military leaders; fighting on familiar soil
George Washington read "The Crisis" by Thomas Paine to encourage troops to fight and be strong on after several defeats
Trenton and Princeton Washington crossed the Delaware River on Christmas,1776 and surprised a Garrison of Hessian mercenaries; victory for Patriots
Hessian Mercanaries professional soldiers from Germany hired to fight for Britain
Battle of Saratoga October, 1777; an American Victory; French openly sent money and supplies to America after the battle; took place in New York
Valley Forge Winter,1778;took place in Pennsylvania; few supplies, disease, bitter cold, little food
Yorktown Ended the American Revolution; October, 1781
Benedict Arnold helped defeat the British at Saratoga and became a traitor
Marquis de Lafayette French volounteer who came to USA in177; served with George Washington
Baron Friedrich von Steuben introduced bayonets as a new fighting tactic for Patriots
Strategy a plan of action; how I will do something
John Paul Jones Naval officer; beat British ship Serapis; " I have not yet bagan to fight!"; first naval hero
Ethan Allen Green Mountain boys; helped take Fort Ticonderoga
George Rodgers Clark Seized British forts along frontier
War in the South more guerrilla warfare than war in the North
James Armistead African slave who spied and helped win the battle of Yorktown
Benjamin Franklin Delegate from Pennsylvania; helped draft the Declaration of Independence; urged the French to join the American Revolution on the Patriot side
"Common Sense" written ny Thomas Paine; encouraged the colonists to declare their independence
Treaty of Paris, 1783 gave lands east of the Mississippi River to the colonists; ended the Revolutionary War
Indigo Grown in South NOT Virginia
Created by: Acool521
 

 



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