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World War I

What was the schlieffen plan? Germany's military plan to quickly take out France by invading through defenseless Belgium. After France had been subdued, the Germans would send some of their armies to attack Russia
Who was the Presidential leader of the U.S. Throughout WWI? Woodrow Wilson
What was the "spark" of WWI which set off the war? The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.
Who was Gavrilo Princip? A Serbian terrorist who carried out the assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Who was the commanding General over all of the U.S. troops fighting in Europe? John J. Pershing
Who was George Creel? He directed the CPI (Committee of Public Information), which oversaw government dissemination of propaganda
What year did WWI begin AND end? 1914 - 1919
Why did WWI become a stalemate or deadlock? The open landscape provided little cover, leading to the excavation of a system of trenches that made it nearly impossible to gain ground without massive casualties
What were some of the new weapons used in WWI? Tanks, planes, machine guns, U-boats, Zeppelins, flame throwers, poison gas
What was likely the single greatest factor which brought the United States into the war? Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare - sinking of any and all ships
Who were the member countries of the Central Powers/Triple Alliance? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
Great Britain, France, Serbia, Russia, and later the United States were part of what alliance in World War I? Allied Powers / Triple Entente
What is Militarism ? Known as one cause of World War I, this word means the rapid build up of a country's military (Countries were competing through their outbreak of war was sure to be UGLY!)
What is Imperialism? Considered to be a cause of World War I, this word refers to European countries taking colonial possession in other regions such as Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. These colonies created conflicts and competition among the powers of Europe.
What is Nationalism? Considered to be a cause of World War I, this word refers to pride in ones country or region. This could lead to independence or the joining of different ethnic groups
What type of fighting took place on the Western Front? Trench Warfare
What were the MAIN causes of WWI in addition to the assassination of Franz Ferdinand? Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism
Area of destruction and danger between the two enemy trenches during World War I was called? No Man's Land
Name of the passenger liner sunk by German U-boats killing 1200 people during World War I. It was not only secretly transporting weapons, but also carried Americans, 128 of them died. Lusitania
This was sent from Germany to Mexico promising them land in the United States in return for their support against America. This would be the final straw for America before joining World War I. Zimmerman Note
What caused Russia to pull out of WWI ending war on the Eastern Front? Russian Revolution
This type of government was set up in Russia after the Russian Revolution. It is were there is no private ownership of goods and property and the government distributes it as it sees fit. Communism
Seen in World War I and even today, this meant to sway the publics' opinion for or against something. It can come in the form of songs, posters, flyers, and slogans. Propaganda
What is significant about 11, 11, 11, 1918? On the 11 month, the 11 day, and 11 hour of 1918 an armistice was signed ending the fighting of WWI
What treaty officially ended WWI? Treaty of Versailles (1919)
How was Germany punished in the Treaty of Versailles? Forced to accept 100% responsibility, pay for damages inflicted during the war. In addition, and its military was severely weakened
Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace after World War I. It advocated no secret agreements, independence for those who desire it (self determination), reducing of weapons, and a League of Nations Fourteen Points
What was the League of Nations? A peace-keeping organization in which countries would work to settle disagreements diplomatically. Later replaced by the United Nations, this peace keeping organization was Woodrow Wilson's idea in the Fourteen Points.
What right did women gain after World War I and their contributions on the home front? Suffrage or the right to vote
Why was Serbia blamed for the assassination of Franz Ferdinand? Because Serbia wanted to unite with Bosnia, a territory that belonged to Austria-Hungary. A Serbian organization called the Black Hand carried out the assassination.
What was the Selective Service Act? Law passed by the U.S requiring men to sign up and register for a draft
What were liberty bonds? Bonds (certificates) sold by the government to US citizens in order to raise money for the war effort
What was the WIB? War Industries Board - it was responsible for regulating the use of materials such as steel and cement
Why did the United States desire to remain neutral in WWI? Believed it was a European war, history of practicing isolationism, and country was divided early over which side to support
What are reparations? Payment for damages inflicted during war. Germany was required to pay large reparations as part of the treaty of Versailles.
What were the final terms of the Treaty of Versailles? 1) Germany was demilitarized, 2) Germany was forced to pay reparations for damages, 3) Germany lost possession of colonies, 4) Germany was forced to accept full responsibility for causing WWI
Who was the leader of Germany throughout WWI? Kaiser Wilhelm II
What was the CPI? it was the Committee of Public Information - A government agency responsible for getting Americans to support the war.
What are some ways that Americans contributed to the war effort? -Conserving war materials, rationing food, growing victory gardens, buying liberty bonds
What is generally considered by historians to be the turning point of WWI? When the United States entered the war in 1917
Which side did the United States fight for? Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, Belgium, etc)
What countries were NOT invited to the Paris Peace Conference? The Central Powers and Russia
What Acts were passed during WWI that sought to limit opposition to the war? The Espionage and Sedition Act
What was the Espionage Act? Passed in 1917, this act made it a crime to interfere with the war effort (aiding the enemy, refusing military service, obstruct recruitment of soldiers, etc)
What was the Sedition Act? Passed in 1918, this act made it illegal to say or publish criticism of government or things that were considered disloyal.
Who won WWI? The Allied Powers
Created by: chris22h
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