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World History

Earliest civilization on Crete. Minoans.
Earliest Greek civilization, conquered Crete from Minoans. Mycenaeans.
Seafaring civilization in Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. Phoenicians.
Greek city state. Polis.
Governing system led by a king, hereditary rule by one. Monarchy.
Rule by upper class, characteristic of governing system. Oligarchy.
One man rule, often a military leader. Tyrant.
Writing system that consisted of 22 letters. Phonetic alphabet.
Blind Greek poet, best known for writing the Illiad and the Odssy. Homer.
Heavily armed Greek infantry soldiers. Hoplites.
Dealing with worldly, non-religious affairs. Secularism.
Forces of nature that cause phenomenon to occur. Natural law.
Athenian philosopher who focused on ethics and challenged authority. Socrates.
Athenian philosopher, student of Socrates. Plato.
Greek philosopher and scientist from Stageira, student of Plato. Aristotle.
Persian warrior king. Cyrus the Great.
Persian governors in the provinces who answered to the king. Satraps.
Greek scientists led by Pericles of Athens, formed after Persian Wars. Delian League.
Civil war between Athens and Sparta, Spartan victory. Peloponesian War.
Macedonian king who conquered Persia, India, and Egypt. Alexander the Great.
Era of Macedonian control after Alexander the Great's death. Hellenistic Age.
What were the alliances in the Persian War? Athens and Sparta vs Persia.
Why did the Persians invade Greece? Athens was sending war ships to the Ionian Greeks to help them rebel against Persia.
First Greek victory in the Persian War. Marathon.
True or False: The Athenian army was much larger than Persia's. False, but the Athenians were still powerful.
What happened at Thermopylae? Themistocles, the Greek ruler, knew Marathon was a temporary victory and had Athens improve their fleet, Sparta sided with Athens and took charge of the army. Greeks were defeated because of a betrayal.
What happened at Salamis? Persians burned Athens to the ground, but the citizens had already moved to Salamis, Greek ships destroyed the Persian ships.
Results of the Persian War. A Greek sense of uniqueness was increased, Athens became the most powerful city state, Delian League (forced), moved treasury to Athens.
Age of Pericles. Golden Age of Athens/Age of Pericles, led by Pericles, believed that all male citizens should take part of government, gave salaries to governors (went wrong), set up a direct democracy, rebuilt Acropolis, Athens became the culture center.
Group between Sparta and other enemies of Athens to take them down. Peleponnesian League.
Spartan government. Oligarchy.
Athenian government. Democracy.
(Pelopenessian War) Athenian disadvantages. Athens had a geographical disadvantage, overcrowding of citizens in Athens led to diseases, democracy fell apart, Sparta aligned with Persia, empire and fleet were destroyed.
Aftermath of the Pelopenssian War. End of Athenian greatness, corrupt Athenian democracy, fighting between city states, Greece became vulnerable, cultural development stopped.
Created by: emarciante9



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