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Tsar Nicholas 2nd
The path to the downfall of the tsar in February 1917.
|impact on people
|1905 Revolution. Tsar orders Cossacks to shoot peaceful protestors, killing 130.
|This sparked strikes and riots leading to the formation of soviets. This also forced the Tsar to set up the Duma.
|1907. Rasputin becomes the royal advisor when he is called to court and is able to stop Aleksei from bleeding to death.
|Rasputin is of peasant birth and so the Upper Classes are outraged that they have to take orders from a peasant. Movement up through the class brackets was unheard of.
|Countryside Reforms. A new system in which rich land owners bought small pieces of peasant owned land to form larger farms which would be more productive.
|This led to a group of super poor peasants who drifted from villages to cities.
|Industrial Revolution. A huge industrial boom in iron and coal led to the growth of large factories in cities.
|The owners of the new factories contributed largely to a growth in the Middle Class.
|War. Poor food production as many peasants left the countryside and moved to cities. Fewer household goods being produced as factory production switched to the war effort.
|Inflation arose from too much money chasing too few goods, meaning many couldn't afford food or fuel.
|War. The Tsar failed to make necessary changes such as the introduction of a Constitutional Monarchy, which would have made Russia much more stable.
|Nicholas lost support from the politicians in the Duma, and left himself vulnerable.
|26/02/1917. Troops in Petrograd are ordered to fire on demonstrators, following orders from the Tsar to 'put down the disorder'.
|Many troops refused and mutinied the Petrograd barracks, takig their weapons with them to join the protestors.
|28/02/1917. The Tsar's train is hijacked and he is forced to abdicate.
|This provides the chance for a new government that will support the common people of Russia.