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US History-Unit 1

Colonial America- US History

Geography Study of the lands - specifically features & people
Government the group of people that has power to make laws and important decisions for a community, state, or nation
Colony a country or area under the full or partial control of another country
Trade the act of exchanging something for something else
Democracy A system of government in which all people are involved in the political process, usually through voting
Agriculture the science or practice of farming
Crops A plant that is grown as food to be eaten immediately or sold immediately - including fruits, vegetables & grains
Manufacture Making a large number of goods to be sold
Native American A member of a native tribe living on the American continent before Europeans arrived
Natural Resource Materials grown in nature, that can be used for economic gain
Economy Wealth and resources of a country, in terms of production and consumption of goods
Industry Economic activity involved in processing and selling raw materials, or conversion of raw materials into manufactured goods
Great Plains/Central Plains Midwest
Rocky Mountains West side of the USA
Appalachian Mountains East side of the USA
Manifest Destiny westward expansion to the Pacific
Sun Belt Americans move south and west
What is the environment like in the north? small farms, short growing seasons, rocky soil
What is the environment like in the south? large plantations, longer growing season, use of slaves
Iroquois Eastern Woodland, longhouse, 3 sisters
Pueblo Southwest desert, cliff dwellings
Mayan Mexico, stone pyramids, calendar
West Africa powerful coastal kingdom, Timbuktu(salt/gold)
Europe Renaissance leads to exploration, better technology
Henry the navigator sailing school, improved maps
Leif Ericsson Vikings in Newfoundland around 1000 A.D.
Christopher Columbus 1492, world is round, Asian trade route, forced labor used by 3rd voyage at Hispaniola
Treaty of Tordesillas divided South America between Spain and Portugal
Columbian Exchange the trading of new ideas and goods between the Old World and the New World
Created by: Mrs.Ingerick