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Jewell

American History II part 2

QuestionAnswer
Flappers Rebellious middle-class young women who signaled their desire for independence and equality through style and personality rather than through politics
Charles A. Lindbergh First individual to fly solo across the Atlantic (1927) and the greatest celebrity of the 1920’s
Yellow dog contracts Written pledges by employees promising not to join a union while they were employed
Amelia Earhart In 1932 became the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic
League of Women Voters Successor to National American Woman Suffrage Association, it promoted women’s role in politics and dedicated itself to educating voter
Teapot Dome scandal Secretary of Interior Albert Fall allowed oil tycoons access to government oil reserves in exchange for $400,000 in bribes.
Associationalism Herbert Hoover’s approach to managing the economy. Firms and organizations in each economic sector would be asked to cooperate with each other in the pursuit of efficiency, profit, and the public good.
Prohibition Constitutional ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the United States (1920-1933)
Harlem Renaissance 1920’2 African American literary and artistic awakening that sought to create works rooted in black culture instead of imitating white styles
Peace without victory Woodrow Wilson’s 1917 pledge to work for a peace settlement that did not favor one side over the other but ensured an equality among combatants.
Neutrality U.S. Foreign policy from 1914-1917 that called for staying out of war but maintaining normal economic relations with both sides
Zimmermann Telegram Telegram from Germany’s foreign secretary instructing the German minister in Mexico to ask that country’s government to attack the United States in return for German assistance in regaining Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
War Industries Board U.S. government agency responsible for mobilizing American industry for war production
New York’s 369th Regiment Black army unit recruited in Harlem that served under French command and was decorated with the Croix de Guerre for its valor
Espionage, Sabotage, and Sedition Acts Laws passed in 1917 and 1918 that gave the federal government sweeping powers to silence and even imprison dissenters
Red Scare Widespread fear in 1919-1920 that radicals had coalesced to establish a communist government on American soil. In response, the U.S. government and private citizens undertook a campaign to identify, silence, and in some cases, imprison radicals.
Marcus Garvey Jamaican-born black nationalist who attracted millions of African Americans in the early 1920’s to a movement calling for black separatism and self-sufficiency
Franklin Delano Roosevelt President from 1933 to1945, and the “creator” of the New Deal.
Bonus Army Army veterans who marched on Washington, D.C., in 1932 to lobby for economic relief but who were rebuffed by Hoover.
Eleanor Roosevelt A politically engaged and effective First Lady and an architect of American Liberalism.
National Recovery Administration NRA 1933 attempt to promote economic recovery by persuading private groups of industrialists to decrease production, limit hours of work per employee, and standardize minimum wages
underconsumptionism Theory that underconsumption, or a chronic weakness in consumer demand, had caused the Depression. This theory guided the Second New Deal, leading to the passage of laws designed to stimulate consumer demand
Works Progress Administration (WPA) Federal relief agency established in 1935 that disbursed billions to pay for infrastructure improvements and funded a vast program of public art
Marian Anderson Black opera singer who broke a color barrier in 1939 when she sang to an interracial audience of 75,000 from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial
Created by: wjewell