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|Why was it called the Neolithic Period?
|It was the New Stone Age
|When did they arrive and why did they settle in land?
|They arrived in 4,000BC. They were permanent settlers and therefore settled in land to set up a home.
|Name a famous Neolithic site?
|Boyne Valley, Co. Meath/ Lough Gur, Co.Limerick/ Céide Fields, Co.Mayo.
|Describe their houses
|Rectangular in shape, built using wattle and daub, strong timber planks held them upright in the ground
|What was wattle and daub
|Interwoven sticks and twigs covered with mud, essentially acted as the bricks and clay of a house
|How did they till the land
|Using mattocks and wooden ploughs which were pulled by oxen
|What was saddle stone used for?
|To grind down the wheat and barley so it could be used for food
|Three Burial Customs
|Court cairn, Portal dolmen, Passage tomb.
|What did all three have in common
|They all included a burial chamber
|Purpose of the roof box in New Grange?
|The sun would shine in every year on the Winter solstice ( 21st December) and light up the whole passage.
|meaning large stones
|Four stages in building
|Pushing, Pulling ,Levering and finally trenches were used to raise them into an upright position
|Describe a Court Cairn
|These tombs had a semi-circular court in the front with an entrance leading into a passage and a burial chamber. Large upright stones cover the entrance
|Name 3 things we learned about Neolithic people.
|They were well organised. They were great builders. They were astronomers and mathematician.