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US History - Review

US History

TermDefinition
Manifest Destiny A 19th-century belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and unavoidable.
Monroe Doctrine This doctrine warned the European nations that the United States would not allow further colonization or monarchs.
President Lincoln thoughts on slavery President Lincoln was against slavery, so he created the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves in states that were against the Union.
Lifestyle of the people flooding into the cities in the 1800s Most people lived in lower class tenements, usually had sewage and garbage systems that did not work, and infectious diseases flooded the city as well.
Homestead Act of 1862 The Homestead Act encouraged Western migration by providing settlers 160 acres of public land, as long as homesteaders paid a small filing fee.
Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence states the reasons the British colonies of North America sought independence in July of 1776.
Mercantilism Mercantilism specifies that in order to build economic strength, a nation must export more than it imports.
Mayflower Compact The Mayflower Compact was the first written construction of government established in what is now the United States.
Progressive Movement Progressivism is the term applied to a variety of responses to the economic and social problems rapid industrialization introduced to America.
Industrialization Industrialization is the process by which an economy is transformed from primarily agricultural to one based on the manufacturing of goods.
Political Machines A political machine is a political organization in which an assertive boss or small group commands the support of campaign workers, who receive rewards for their efforts.
Progressive Era The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States, from the 1890s to the 1920s.
Square Deal- Theodore Roosevelt The Square Deal was a domestic program based on conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.
Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment was an intellectual and scientific movement of 18th century Europe which was distinguished by a rational and scientific approach to religious, social, political, and economic issues.
Fourteen Points The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for world peace that was to be used for peace negotiations in order to end World War I.
Great Compromise The Great Compromise was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution.
Common Sense Common Sense was a book written by Thomas Paine in which he challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy.
Muckrakers A name given to US journalists and other writers who exposed corruption in politics and business in the early 20th century.
Civil War Divisions between the free North and the slaveholding South erupted into a full-scale conflict after the election of Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860.
Reconstruction Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States.
Sugar Act The Sugar Act was a revenue-raising act passed by the British Parliament of Great Britain in April of 1764.
Contributing factors to the American Revolution Taxation, the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, and the Battle of Concord.
Created by: JillianSoma