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Unit 1


What year was the Mayflower Compact signed? 1620
What was the natural barrier to westward expansion during the colonial time period? Appalachian Mountains
Which geographic region of the 13 colonies had a warm, mild climate with a lot of precipitation and a long growing season that was good for large-scale farming? Southern
Vocab: an assembly of representatives that met in Jamestown to discuss issues; early form of representative government Virginia House of Burgesses
Vocab: economic theory that allowed the kink to use raw goods from the colonies to get wealthy? Mercantalism
What did New York, Boston, and Charleston have in common that provided access to foreign markets? Natural harbors
What was the first successful English colony in North America? Jamestown, Virginia
What lay to the South of the 13 Original Colonies? Spanish Florida
What document helped establish self-government in the colonies? Mayflower Compact
How did the First Great Awakening contribute to representative government? People saw each other as equals; greater participation in government
What was the main reason for the Kink of England to establish colonies? To get wealthy
Which geographic region of the 13 colonies relied on slave labor? Southern
Which ocean bordered the 13 Original Colonies to the east? Atlantic Ocean
In which present-day state is Jamestown located? Virginia
Which mountain range bordered the 13 Original Colonies to the west? Appalachian Mountains
What document was the first written constitution? Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Who was the founder of Connecticut and gave a sermon that inspired the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut? Hint: voting rights for all Thomas Hooker
What crop did John Rolfe introduce to Jamestown that also led to the success of the colony? Tobacco
What was the name of the religious revival movement that swept through the colonies in the 1700's? Hint: it was also a political movement First Great Awakening
What year was Jamestown founded? 1607
Which geographic region of the 13 Original Colonies had natural harbors and fast-flowing rivers, which were later used for water-power to run the factories? New England
What are the three geographic regions of the 13 Colonies? New England, Middle, Southern
What did the philosophies of John Locke, Charles de Montesquieu, and William Blackstone influence in early settlements? Ideas of self-government and democracy
Which geographic region of the 13 colonies was called the "Bread Basket Colonies" because of the large amount of wheat production? Middle
Who founded Pennsylvania as a haven for English Quakers? Hint: think of the colony name William Penn
Which geographic region had thin, rocky soil and a short growing season that was not good for large-scale farming? Hint: they used subsistence farming New England
During the 1600's and early 1700's, the colonists formed their own governments and made their own laws. Why? Because they were so far away from England
Why did the settlers come to the 13 Colonies? Hint: gold, god, glory, Georgia To escape religious persecutions, for a chance to own land, to help settle land for the king, to escape personal debt
Who founded Rhode Island for religious freedom? Roger Williams
Vocab: mostly held in the New England colonies; opportunity for colonists to discuss important issues; early form of democracy Town meetings
Created by: Ms. Mckenzie