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Caputo

US History Word Associations 1-96

TermDefinition
John Locke Declaration of Independence, Social Contract Theory
Democracy the people rule
Republic representative government
House of Burgesses first form of representative government in American colonies
Mercantilism Mother country gets cheap raw materials from colonies
Constitution basic set of laws
Great Compromise representation
3/5ths Compromise counting slaves towards representation
Unwritten Constitution early traditions and precedents
Federalism Balance of power
Federalists favored a strict interpretation of the Constitution
Anti-Federalists wanted a Bill of Rights to protect people from government
Amendments a way to change the Constitution
Elastic Clause part of the Constitution that allows the government to expand its power
Marbury vs. Madison Judicial Review, declaring a law unconstitutional
Monroe Doctrine warning to European nations to not interfere in the Americas
Missouri Compromise settled dispute over spread of slavery to western territories
Abolition anti-slavery
Tariff tax on imported goods
Scott v. Sanford slavery, loss of citizenship and constitutional rights for African-Americans
Reconstruction period after Civil War, civil rights advance for former slaves
Jim Crow 70+ years of segregation after Reconstruction
Sharecropping a source of cheap farm labor for southern landowners
Homestead Act encouraged western settlement by giving free farmland
The Grange farmers organization
Manifest Destiny expanding US borders
Dawes Act laws to break down native-American tribes
Imperialism taking over other countries for their resources
Spanish-American War US gains Guam, Philippines & Puerto Rico
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court declares Jim Crow constitutional, “separate but equal”
Open Door Policy free and open trade with China
Laissez-faire no government interference with business
Nativists anti-immigrant
W.E.B. DuBois well rounded education, NAACP founder
Booker T Washington vocational Education
Populist Party third party, farmers, grange
Scopes Monkey Trial teacher fined for teaching evolution in school
Industrialization the rise of factories, goods made by machine
Urbanization the growth of cities
John D. Rockefeller oil monopoly, Standard Oil v. U.S., company broken up
Corporations gave businesses easy access to capital (money)
Trusts monopolies
Progressive Era correcting the problems caused by Industrialization
Muckrakers exposed society’s problems
Unions fought for 8 hr. work day/higher wages/safer conditions
Jacob Riis photographs of the poor and immigrants
Upton Sinclair The Jungle, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act
Temperance anti-alcohol movement
Anti-Trust Acts laws to stop trusts and monopolies (ex. Sherman, Clayton)
WWI submarine warfare, Zimmerman note
Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson’s peace plan
League of Nations opposed by US Senate
Schenck v. U.S. limited free speech during wartime, “clear and present danger”
Red Scare fear of communism
Nativists anti-immigration
Sacco & Vanzetti Trial questioned fairness of legal system
Suffrage voting rights, Susan B. Anthony
Roaring Twenties period of prosperity before the Great Depression
Harlem Renaissance highlighted cultural achievements of African-Americans
Prohibition alcohol was illegal, 18th and 21st Amendments
Black Tuesday start of Great Depression, 1929 stock market crash
Overproduction making more than you can sell
Dust Bowl sustained drought (no water) wiped out farmers
Hoovervilles tent cities during Great Depression named for President Hoover
Bonus Army WWI veterans wanting promised bonus money during Depression
The New Deal President Franklin D Roosevelt plan for Great Depression
Neutrality Acts not taking sides heading into WWII
Isolationism not getting involved with foreign problems
Korematsu v. U.S. internment of Japanese Americans during WWII
McCarthyism communism, witch-hunt
Cold War USSR, arms race
Containment stopping the spread of communism
Truman Doctrine giving aid to countries to stop communism
Marshall Plan gave money to European governments after WWII
United Nations organization where nations can find solutions to problems
G.I. Bill free education for veterans
Civil Rights equal rights for African-Americans
Brown v. Bd. of Education integration in public schools
Silent Spring book about the environment
Korean War/Vietnam War communism, containment, domino theory
Domino Theory if we let one Asian country become communist, other will too
Mapp v. Ohio evidence from illegal searches cannot be used in court
Miranda v. Arizona being told your rights when arrested
Gideon v. Wainwright right to an attorney
Cuban Missile Crisis US and USSR almost have nuclear war (Pres. Kennedy)
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution increased US involvement in Vietnam
Great Society government programs to eliminate poverty (Pres. Johnson)
Roe v. Wade legalized abortion, privacy issue
Détente Nixon improved relationship with USSR
Watergate President Nixon, resignation for covering up burglary
Iran Hostage Crisis US hostages for a year in Iran (Pres. Carter)
Camp David Accords peace treaty between Egypt and Israel (Pres. Carter)
Trickle Down Economics reducing taxes for the wealthy (Pres. Reagan)
Iran-Contra Hearings illegally selling arms to Iran (Pres. Reagan)
TLO v. New Jersey limited students’ privacy rights in schools
Persian Gulf War US drove back an Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
Created by: JTC111