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Early People

Chapter 1: Life in the Western Hemisphere

Maya successful farmers that began to grow a surplus
Maya people began to specialize, or do only one kind of job; this created a civilization that was complex
Maya studied the movement of the sun, moon, stars, and planets and created an extremely accurate calendar
Maya among the first people to use the number zero
Maya developed methods to build tall pyramids that held religious ceremonies and were the burial places for kings
Maya developed their own system of writing similar to that of the Egyptians
Maya civilization began to decline in the year 750; by 900 they had deserted most of their cities
Aztec migrated south from northern Mexico, following the instructions of one of their gods to travel until they saw an eagle with a snake in its beak sitting on a cactus
Aztec built Tenochtitlan in the Valley of Mexico
Aztec created "floating gardens" in order to have more land for farming
Aztec used irrigation and carved terraces into hillsides
Aztec created an empire that stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans by conquering people around them
Aztec demanded people to become slaves as tribute
Aztec worshiped many gods, including Huitzilopochtli-the god of war
Inca created an empire through conquests; connected empire by building roads
Mound Builders lived east of the Mississippi River
Mound Builders built mounds as burial places for important chiefs, and honor animal spirits
Mound Builders three main groups were the Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippians
Mound Builders trade was important; artifacts found that would have come from hundreds of miles away
Anasazi farming group located at the "Four Corners"
Anasazi first people to use irrigation in what would become the United States
Anasazi built apartment-style buildings on top of mesas
Anasazi also known as "Cliff Dwellers"
Anasazi experts at weaving baskets that could be used to carry water
Anasazi suddenly abandoned their villages in the Four Corners region; believed to have been the result of a drought
Inuit traveled from Asia to North America and made their homes in the Arctic
Inuit adapted to environment by building igloos for homes from packed snow and ice
Inuit invented the kayak, a light, one-person boat that is used for hunting and transportation
Created by: mshynes221