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American History

Chapter 3 & 4 vocabulary terms

TermDefinition
Embargo Act that said we wouldn't trade with anyone.
Virginia Plan at convention, had legislature based on population.
Cabinet Heads of departments who advise President.
Legislative Branch that makes the laws.
Shay's Rebellion Farmers in Massachusetts rebelled because of crushing debts.
Judicial Review Supreme court has final ruling to interpret the constitution.
Impeach To remove a federal official from office.
Bill of Rights summary of rights & privilege guaranteed to people of U.S.
Federalists Support the constitution. Want to strengthen federal government.
Anti-Federalists Against the constitution. Want to preserve state powers.
Amendments A change to the constitution.
Federalism political system, power divided between national & state governments.
Checks & Balances system that allows each branch of government ability to limit power of other branches.
Judicial Branch that evaluates & interprets the law.
Executive Branch that enforces the law.
Northwest Ordinance Set policy to admit new states.
Veto President's right to reject the passing of a law.
Nullification States have the right to declare a federal law invalid .(unconstitutional)
Louisiana Purchase Land deal between France & U.S. We received a lot of land west of Mississippi.
Whiskey Rebellion Farmers riot over tax. Washington led troops to crush rebellion.
Thomas Jefferson Washington's secretary of state. Won election in 1800.
John Adams Washington's Vice President. Became president in 1796.
Alexander Hamilton Head of Federalist party, Washington's secretary of state and wrote essays called "The Federalist"
George Washington Leader of Constitutional Convention. First president of U.S.
Britain United State's opponent in War of 1812.
Articles of Confederation Agreement made by original 13 states in 1777, replaced by constitution.
Alien & Sedition Acts 4 laws passed that were aimed towards persons living in U.S that were not citizens.
Jays' Treaty British gave up forts on U.S territory
House of Representatives Represents the people in congress, elected every 2 years.
Concurrent Powers shared by both National & State governments.
Created by: eagles88
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