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SW ASIA Governments

HARD Sw Asia Governments

QuestionAnswer
a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority Anarchy
country ruled by a person, an autocrat, with absolute, unlimited power Autocracy
a single party holds the power and dominates all aspects of life in a country; the government owns large industries, businesses, and most of the land (China, Vietnam) Communism
a representative democracy where people elect representatives to exercise power for them (United States, Kenya, South Africa) Republic
a country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States) Federal Republic
a republic government based on the laws of Islam (Saudi Arabia, Iran) Islamic Republic
a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, but the Deity’s laws are interpreted by religious authorities (bishops, mullahs, etc.) (Iran) Theocracy
Anarchy a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority
a country ruled by a person, an autocrat, with absolute, unlimited power Autocracy
a single party holds the power and dominates all aspects of life in a country; the government owns large industries, businesses, and most of the land (China, Vietnam) Communism
Republic a representative democracy where people elect representatives to exercise power for them (United States, Kenya, South Africa)
a republic government based on the laws of Islam (Saudi Arabia, Iran) Islamic Republic
Federal Republic a country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self
Theocracy a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, but the Deity’s laws are interpreted by religious authorities (bishops, mullahs, etc) (Iran)
Democracy a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States)
Democratic Republic a country in which the supreme power is held by the citizens who are entitled to vote for representatives responsible to them (United States)
Constitutional Democracy a country in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution (the United States)
a president or prime minister is the head of state, but the people elect the members of the parliament (Israel) Parliamentary Democracy
Monarchy (also Absolute Monarchy) a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a monarch (king, queen, prince) who rules over a state or territory, usually for life and by hereditary right (Saudi Arabia)
Parliamentary Monarchy a country headed by a monarch where actual power rests in the legislative body called the parliament
Constitutional Monarchy a system of government in which a monarch (king or queen) is strictly limited by a constitution and most of the government powers belong to elected officials (Great Britain, Japan)
Oligarchy government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes (The citizen has a very limited role) (People’s Republic of China, Libya, Iran)
Dictatorship form of government in which a ruler has absolute power; the citizens do not possess the right to choose their own leaders (North Korea, Cuba, Sudan)
Sultanate similar to a monarchy, but a government in which the supreme power is in the hands of a sultan (the head of an Islamic country)
Totalitarian a government that controls the country without opposition; a government party has strict control of all aspects of life without any opposition
Created by: kgantek