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Jim Crow Era

VDOE Standards of Learning

QuestionAnswer
When did Southern States begin to pass Jim Crow Laws? 1877 After the federal troops were removed from the South.
What does it mean to Segregate? To Separate
Segregation is based on - Race
Which group of Americans was most negatively impacted by segregation? African Americans
In addition to African Americans, what OTHER groups of people were discriminated against? Native Americans
When did Native Americans become U.S. citizens? 1924
What was the purpose of Jim Crow Laws? State & local laws that enforced racial segregation in the South.
What was the impact of the Jim Crow Laws? Legalized discrimination against African Americans in communities and states throughout the South.
How did Jim Crow Laws discriminate against African Americans? Created unequal opportunities in housing, work, education, and government
What system allowed states to profit from the discriminatory laws and unjust punishments that targeted African Americans in the South? Convict Lease System
Which African American leader was born as a slave in Virginia? Booker T. Washington
Which African American was born after the war in the Northern state of Massachusetts? W.E.B. DuBois
Which African American leader ACCEPTED segregation in exchange for African Americans receiving a VOCATIONAL education? Booker T. Washington
How did Booker T. Washington believe that equality would be achieved? Gradually . He believed African Americans communities had to improve their economic standing before they could challenge segregation.
What was the Atlanta Compromise? Booker T. Washington's agreement with white Southern leaders. Announced in an 1895 speech, he said that African Americans would ACCEPT segregation in exchange for a basic education.
What school in Alabama was Booker T. Washington the president of that provided vocational educations where African Americans could learn a skill or a trade? Tuskegee Institute
Which leader believed in immediate and full political, civil, and social rights for African Americans? W.E.B. DuBois
He believed the ________________ would lead African Americans in the fight for equality. The Talented Tenth
What powerful civil rights organization was founded by W.E.B. DuBois in 1909 to fight against racial discrimination and promote equality? NAACP
Which leader was the first African American to attend and graduate from Harvard University? W.E.B. DuBois
Which African American leader was the favorite among white political and economic leaders in America? Booker T. Washington His approach to equality was favored by political/economic leaders such as Theodore Roosevelt and Andrew Carnegie.
Created by: MrsBrown_MEH
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