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SS Chapter 2

scribe a professional writer
Fertile Crescent a region in southwest Asia; site of the first civilization
city-state a city that is also a separate and independent state
polytheism the belief in many gods
myth a traditional story in some cultures a legend that explains some beliefs
Where were the first schools set up? Sumer
Sumerian schools taught writing
Who did scribes keep records for? kings and priests
Where was Sumer located? in Mesopotamia
What were the most important things that Mesopotamia had? rich soil and life giving rivers
Who did Sumer's location draw? traders from other regions
What are the two rivers that Mesopotamia is between? Tigris and Euphrates
What does Mesopotamia mean? land between the rivers
The Fertile Crescent is good for .... growing crops because it is between the rivers
How did the soil become so rich? melting snow picked up the topsoil as it rushed down the mountain and flooded the land
The rivers provided fish, clay, and tall strong reeds for boats
How did flooding rivers affect people who settled in Mesopotamia? Good-farm Bad- it could wipe out houses, people, and animals
What caused cities to grow in the region? food surplus
What did city states have to have? own special god, own government, and own king
What did the city states share? common culture and language
Who wrote letters for those who couldn't read or write? scribes
Where did Sumerian houses face? away from the busy streets
Where did people sleep on hot nights? outside on their home's flat roof
What supplied light for the homes? oil lamps
What is the ziggurat? the cite of a temple to the main god of a city
Where would I find a ziggurat? at the heart of the city
Where did religious, social and economic activities took place at the .... ziggurat
What were the ziggurats made out of? terraces, ramps, and stairs
What was at the top of each ziggurat? a shrine for their god
What warned the Sumerians that the gods would punish them? myths
How did Sumerians honor their gods? religious ceremonies
How poetry used? to express what was important to them
Why did Sumerian city-states fight? over water usage and land
Who conquered the Sumerians? Akkadians
What did King Sargon do to the Sumerian city-states? he improved the government, improved the military, and united the city-states
where was King Sargon II from ? Assyria
how could the army gain wealth ? trade and agriculture
what is an empire ? an area of many territories and people that is controlled by one government
what did Babylonians and the Assyrians have in common ? quest for riches and vicious warriors
what did road ways do in Babylon made travel easier , improved communication , and encouraged trade
what is a caravan ? a group of travelers
what is a bazaar ? a market
what is a battering ram ? a powerful weapon having a wooden beam mounted on wheels
what is the capital of Assyria Nineveh
Who rebuilt the city of Babylon? King Nebuchadnezzar
What did King Nebuchnezzar build for his wife and why? he built gardens because she hated the dry plains of Mesopotamia
What did the Chaldean astronomers create? charts to measure the year
What did the Chaldean raise? honey bees
Who conquered the Babylonian Empire? The Persians led by Cyrus the Great
What is a code? an organized list of laws
Who were the first writers in Mesopotamia? Why? scribes-so that the laws can be organized
What was writing used for later? sales, taxes, gifts for gods, marriages, and deaths
Where did clay come from? Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
What is cuneiform? scribes combine symbols to make groups of wedges and lines
Created by: younel



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