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Wray Chapter 4

Flashcards inmportant info Chapter 4

The main aim of Britain using the economic policy of Mercantilism is by gaining wealth and power by collecting Gold and silver
Farming where you only farm just enough for you and your family Subsistence farming
A crop that can be sold easily in markets Cash Crop
New England's economy was known most for Small businesses and crafts
What was the major cash crop for the Middle Colonies? Wheat
What area was most known for slave labor? The Southern Colonies
What two crops brought about the need for slave labor? Tobacco and Rice
What area was known for plantations and cash crops? The Southern Colonies?
What area was known for having a diverse culture? The Middle Colonies
What group of people first enslaved Africans? West African Kingdoms
Three pronged trade route Triangular Trade
What three areas were part of Triangular Trade? Americas, Britain, West Africa
Rule governing the behavior and punishment of slaves Slave Codes
Two principles of English government Representative Government and Protected Rights
government in which people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government representative government
law that did not allow the ruler to impose taxes, raise an army, or suspend parliament rules. English Bill of Rights
Colony that was the property of an owner or group of owners Proprietary Colony
Colony under direct English control Royal Colony
to sell goods to another country export
to buy goods from another country import
Set of laws that restricted colonial trade in order to make money for England Navigation Acts
Document that gave English people protection against unjust treatment or punishment, and even made kings and queens bound by law. Magna Carta
the permanent movement of people into one country from other nations immigration
an illness that affects large numbers of people epidemic
the illness that caused the most epidemics in colonial times smallpox
a young person who learns a trade from a skilled craftsperson apprentice
A religious revival in the 18th century that emphasized personal faith over church rituals. The Great Awakening
A age of though in the 18th century that focused on education, reason, though, logic, and science. The Enlightenment
the democratic ideas, practices, and values that are at the heart of citizenship in a free society. civic virtues
newspaper journalist who was thrown in jail for writing an article saying the governor was corrupt Peter Zenger
a military force of ordinary citizens militia
Group of several Indian tribes that the British tried to ally with Iroquois Confederacy
The side that the Iroquois Confederacy sided with in the French and Indian War Neither
leader of the Virginia militia that attack Fort Duquesne George Washington
What was the difference between the British and French's interest in the Ohio River Valley? The French was interested in fur trading the British were interested in owning the land.
British Prime Minister who was also a great Military planner. He turned the war in favor of the British William Pitt
The Treaty that marked the end of the French and Indian War Treaty of Paris
Indian Chief that attacked colonial Villages because the British unlike the French would not pay the Indians to use their land and had raised prices on goods Pontiac
What are two results of the French and Indian War Proclamation of 1763 Britain was in Great Debt.
What did Britain see as a solution to their debt problem? taxing the colonist
Created by: twray
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