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10th Grade SS

French Revolution

QuestionAnswer
The French king from 1774 to 1792 who was deposed during the French Revolution and executed in 1793. King Louis XVI
Louis XVI inherited the debt problem left by his grandfather King Louis XV
King Louis the XVI added to France's debt problem through his overspending in the ____________________ _______________________. American Revolution
The wife of King Louis XVI and, in the French commoners’ eyes, the primary symbol of the French royalty’s extravagance and excess. Marie-Antoinette
Leader of the radical Jacobins. In favor of a planned economy & vigorous mobilization for war. Became the leader ofthe Reign of Terror of 1793–1794 attempted to silence all enemies of the Revolution in an effort to save France from invasion. Maximilien Robespierre
A general in the French army and leader of the 1799 coup that overthrew the Directory. Napoleon’s accession marked the end of the French Revolution and the beginning of Napoleonic France and Europe. Napoleon Bonaparte
A physician, political theorist, & scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist & politician in the French Revolution. Marat was an extreme voice of the French Revolution, and he became a vigorous defender of the sans-culottes Jean-Paul Marat
A liberal member of the clergy, supporter of the Third Estate, and author of the fiery 1789 pamphlet “What Is the Third Estate?” Sieyès was one of the primary leaders of the Third Estate’s effort at political and economic reform in France. Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès
A Swiss-born banker who served as France’s director general of finance in the late 1770s, who wanted to institute reform-was able only to propose small efforts to eliminate costly inefficiencies. He made a gov budget for 1st time in French history. Jacques Necker
There was a controversy over voting. -1st and 2nd Estates enforced bloc voting by estate -3rd Estate wanted each representative to have one vote
The Estates-General had not met for 175 years (1614-1789) -The Bourbon Kings were autocratic monarchs who made all the decisions by themselves
-The masses wanted to be able to participate in the legislative process and were unwilling to continue to follow rules they had not been consulted about
There were no civil liberties for the common people -People were thrown in jail without cause -People were denied habeas corpus – no trial, bail, lawyer or reason for arrest provided -The King could arrest, torture, or kill his subjects as he pleased
The philosophers inspired people to revolt  Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu exposed government corruption and encouraged new forms of government to replace monarchies  The French learned of the success of the American Revolution and were in
Created by: pieronek
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