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Social Studies

Ancient Middle East

The Mesopotamia is between what two rivers Tigris & Euphrates Rivers
This river has rough waters un-navigable Tigris River
This river is navigable Euphrates
This part of Mesopotamia has good farm land Southern Mesopotamia
This part of Mesopotamia has natural resources such as timber, metals, & stone Northern Mesopotamia
What is Hierarchy System of ranking groups
High Class are Ruling Family, leading officials, high priests
Small Middle Class are Lesser Priests, scribes, merchants, artisans
Lowest Class are Peasant farmers, slaves
Ziggurats are Temples the Sumerians built to worship their Gods
Who was Hammurabi Important king of Babylon who created the first written law code
Civil Laws are Laws that deal with private rights & matters such as business contracts, divorce, property inheritance, marriage, & taxes
Criminal Laws are Laws are offenses such as robbery, assault, or murder
The Code of Hammurabi was designed to Create a stable society, promote peaceful relations with other cultures, create large armies & emphasize the importance of life after death.
Who were the Sumerians first civilization in Mesopotamia, organized into city-states, developed cuneiform
Why did the first civilizations settle near river valleys Fertile Soil for growing crops, trade & transportation on the rivers
Who did Hammurabi conquer The Akkadians & The Sumerians
Created by: cyanX