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3B Revolutionary Era

Issues & Events leading to the Declaration of Independence

QuestionAnswer
How were the American colonies governed prior to 1763? They were self-governing.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? British law requiring the colonists to stay east of the Appalachian Mountains and Native Americans to stay on the west side.
How did the French & Indian War contribute to American independence? The British had a huge war debt and they tried to tax the colonies in order to pay down that debt.
What was the Stamp Act? British law taxing paper used in the colonies.
How did Loyalists respond to the Stamp Act? They refused to pay for the tax stamps.
How did Patriots respond to the Stamp Act? They attacked tax collectors.
How did the British Parliament respond to colonial protests of the Stamp Act? It was repealed after a few months.
What was the Quartering Act? British law requiring colonists to feed and shelter its army.
What were the Townshend Acts? British taxes on more of the things the colonists were importing from Britain.
What types of goods were taxed by the Townshend Acts? glass, paint, paper and tea
How did the American colonists protest the Townshend Acts? They boycotted British goods.
What is a boycott? Refusing to buy products as a form of protest
What was the Boston Massacre? A small riot involving colonists throwing rocks at British soldiers who shot and killed several people.
Why was the Boston Massacre important? Patriots used the Boston Massacre as a propaganda tool to fire up passion for independence.
Who defended the British soldiers accused of murder in the Boston Massacre? John Adams
Who was Crispus Attucks? The first person to die in the Revolutionary War.
What was the Tea Act? British law requiring the colonists to buy their tea from the British East India Company.
How did the colonists respond to the Tea Act? Boston Tea Party
What were the Intolerable Acts? British laws intended to punish Boston for the Boston Tea Party
Why was the Boston Tea Party important? It taught King George that he had lost control of the American colonies.
What was the First Continental Congress? A gathering of representatives from each of the colonies where a response to the Intolerable Acts was coordinated.