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Caputo

US History - Sectionalism

QuestionAnswer
Define the term “popular sovereignty.” The people of a state or territory vote to decide an issue.
How did Kansas get the nickname “Bleeding Kansas”? It got the name because of the violence that came before the vote on slavery.
What was Lincoln’s pre-war position on slavery? He did not want slavery to spread, but he would not interfere with it where it existed.
What action by southern states led to the beginning of the Civil War? Southern states seceded (left the Union).
What role did John Brown play in the Abolitionist Movement? He led a raid on an arsenal in Virginia to arm slaves, got caught, and was hanged.
Who fired the first shots of the Civil War and where were they fired? The South fired on Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
President Lincoln suspended the “writ of habeas corpus.” What does that mean? People could be held in jail without being charged with a crime.
President Lincoln declared “martial law” in some areas of the country. What does this mean? Lincoln put the military in charge
Who was Dred Scott? Dred Scott was a slave.
What was the major issue in the Dred Scott case? His master brought him into a free territory. Scott thought that by this action, he should be a free man.
In the Dred Scott case, what were the findings of the Supreme Court? The Supreme Court ruled that no black person, free or slave, is a citizen of the United States, no black person is protected by the Constitution, Congress could NOT outlaw slavery.
What did the Emancipation Proclamation say? All slaves in the rebelling areas were free.
Who did the Emancipation Proclamation affect? No one. It did not affect any slaves because Lincoln did not control the South at that time.
Who was not affected by the Emancipation Proclamation? The slaves in the border states were not affected.
What were the TWO important impacts of the Emancipation Proclamation? It kept France and England out of the war and it gave the war a higher purpose.
Created by: JTC111