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Caputo

US History - Constitutional Foundations

TermDefinition
Preamble An introduction to a speech or piece of writing.
Separation of Powers Divides the national government into three branches, each with its own specific powers.
Articles of Confederation The first American constitution. It failed.
Democracy A system of government in which supreme authority rests with the people.
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Federalism A system of government in which authority is divided between the national and state governments.
Unconstitutional Not permitted according to the constitution of a nation.
Constitution The basic laws which set up the principles, structure, processes, functions, and limits of a government.
Civil Rights Personal freedoms guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.
Confederation An alliance of independent states.
What was the main issue regarding "The Great Compromise"? Representation in Congress
Describe the New Jersey Plan. The small states (NJ) plan wanted each state to have an equal number of votes in Congress.
Describe the Virginia Plan. The large states (Virginia) plan wanted representation based upon population.
What compromise was reached over the NJ and Virginia Plans? The plans were combined. The Senate was created from elements of the New Jersey plan, and the House of Representatives was created using the Virginia plan.
Created by: JTC111