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5th: Chapter 2 Vocab

The Earliest Americans

glacier A huge, slow-moving mass of ice covering land.
migration The movement of people.
theory A possible explanation.
archaeologist A scientist who studies the culture of people who lived in the past.
artifact An object made by early people.
descendant A person's child, grandchild, or later relative.
origin story A story or set of stories by Native American people that tells about their beginnings and how the world came to be.
ancestor An early family member.
nomad wanderers who had no settled home
technology the use of scientific knowledge or tools to make or do something
extinct died out
agriculture farming
tribe term often used to describe a group of Native Americans who share a language and customs
civilization a culture that usually has cities and well-developed forms of government, religion, and learning
class A group of people who are alike in some way. Classes are treated with different amounts of respect in a society.
slavery The practice of holding people against their will and making them carry out orders.
pueblo A Spanish word for village.
generalization A statement based on facts, used to summarize groups of facts and to show relationships between them.
adapt To adjust way of living to land and resources
staple Something, such as milk or bread, that is always needed or used.
surplus An amount that is more than what is needed.
ceremony A series of actions performed during a special event.
hogan A cone-shaped Navajo shelter built by covering log frame with bark and mud.
dugout A boat made from a large, hollowed-out log.
barter To exchange goods usually without using money.
potlatch A special Native American gathering or celebration with feasting and dancing.
clan A group of families that are related to one another
pit house A house that was partially built over a hole in the earth so some rooms could be under ground.
harpoon A long spear with a sharp shell point.
totem pole A tall wooden post carved with shapes of animals and people and representing a family's history and importance.
lodge A circular house of the Plains Indians
sod Earth cut into blocks or mats, held together by grass and its roots.
tepee A cone-shaped tent made from wooden poles and buffalo skin.
travois A device made of two poles fastened to a dog's harness, used to carry possessions.
palisade A wall made of sharpened tree trunks to protect a village from enemies or wild animals.
slash and burn A method of clearing land for farming that includes cutting and burning of trees.
wigwam A round, bark-covered Native American shelter.
wampum Beads made from cut and polished seashells, used to keep records, send messages to other tribes, barter for goods, or to give as gifts.
longhouse A long wooden building in which several related Iroquois families lived together.
confederation A loosely united group of governments working together.
council A group that makes laws.
compromise An agreement in which each side in a conflict gives up some of what it wants in order to get some of what it wants.
resolve To settle.
time line A diagram that shows events that took place during a certain period of time.
decade A period of 10 years.
century A period of 100 years.
millennium A period of 1,000 years.
Created by: veroncia.crim
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