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Age of Exploration

Vocabulary words

TermDefinition
old world European countries 1200-1600 (Spain, England, Portugal, France, Holland)
new world The Americas (North, Central, and South) 1200-1600
astrolabe tool that measures the height of the sun or a star above the horizon.
compass a device having a magnetic needle that indicates direction on the earth's surface by pointing toward the north.
sextant an instrument used to determine the position of a ship or airplane by measuring the positions of the stars and sun.
caravel a small 15th and 16th century ship that has broad bows, high narrow poop, and usually three masts with lateen or both square and lateen sails.
navigation the science of planning and controlling the direction of a ship.
merchant someone who buys or sells goods to earn money.
economy the system of how money is made and used within a particular country or region
trade the activity or process of buying, selling, or exchanging goods or services
epidemic an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many people.
northwest passage The historical sea passage that cuts from east to west through the North American continent.
conquistador is Spanish for conqueror.
explorer someone who travels into little known regions (especially for some scientific purpose)
expedition a journey to achieve a goal.
kingdom a place ruled by a king or queen.
empire many nations or territories ruled by a single group or leader.
technology the use of scientific knowledge and tools to do things better and more rapidly.
circumnavigate to sail completely around something.
commerce activities that relate to the buying and selling of goods and services
mercantilism is a system in which a country attempts to amass wealth through trade with other countries
Created by: afolendorf