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The most important dates in Turkey's history
|Osman, a warrior chieftain, founds the Ottoman Empire.
|Sultan Mehmed II conquers Constantinople and extends Ottoman control. The powerful empire lasts 600 years
|After World War I, Ottomans and foreign troops occupy the region.
|Constantinople is officially renamed Istanbul.
|Two earthquakes in northern Turkey kill more than 17,000 people.
|A new currency, called Iira, is introduced. It has six fewer zeroes.
|The Turkish Teachers from Sakarya arrive to Florence
|2nd October 2016