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QuestionAnswer
1st continental congress 1774, Philadelphia, PA; called after coercive acts closed boston; list of grievances and declaration of rights; 12/13 colonies there (not georgia); 56 delegates
Albany conferece 1754, albany, NY; attempt to form military alliance between colonies; ben franklin (PA) Thomas hutchinson (MA); failed ude to lack of cooperation
Andros Overthrow 1688 New charter came to MA; dismissed MASS assembly, ignored council, challenged land titles and took over a puritan church; once news spread, andros was arrested and a new government was formed
Bacon's rebellion Virginia backwoodsmen having troubles with indians on frontier; Nathaniel Bacon; launched unauthorized attacks on indians; overthrew William Berkeley's government; failed bc of Bacon's death from "bloody flux"
Boston Massacre March 5, 1770; 5 killed, 6 wounded; major PR victory for patriots; soldiers removed to boston harbor; unknown who shot the first shot;
Boston Tea Party Dec. 16, 1773; response to the Tea Act of 1773; attempt to rescue East India Tea Co.; Over $1 million in tea (today's money) went into Boston Harbor; really upset britain
Calvert's Maryland 1st proprietary colony est. 1632; the calverts (Lord Baltimore); Charter from Charles I; 1635: 1st written constitution; Lord Baltimore required to get freemen's consent for legislation; 1640s: near-war with VA
Caribbean Slave System
Chesapeake Tobacco Economy
Coercive Acts British response to Boston Tea Party: Boston port bill: Boston; Harbor closed to all traffic; Marital law imposed; MA charter revoked; Military governor: Gen. Gage; Quebec Act; Colonists ordered to apologize, pay for tea
Columbus' voyages Mistook America for japan, then India; american coast explored within a decade; 1492
Conquistadors younger sons from lower aristocratic families; young men "on the make"; "knights in shining armor"; upper-class arrogance and titles, but no visible means of support (or skills); expected easy wealth and fame in americas
Consumer Revolution 1730s-40s; america consuming English manufactures-cheaper finished goods; Am. agricultural; provided wealth of raw materials; growing Am. population providing labor; made obvious greater social mobility sophistication of american society
Customs officials
Dominion of New England 1686: New England charter revoked with military governor Edmund Andros; New charter for MASS arrived mid-1692
East India Company December 31 1600, a group of merchants who had incorporated themselves into the East India Company were given monopoly privileges on all trade with the East Indies. The Company's ships first arrived in India, at the port of Surat, in 1608
English Reformation 1534: broke w/ rome; church of England/Anglican: theology similar to catholics; but priests marry, king in charge; seized Catholic church property; unhappy: catholics reformers (puritans)
Enlightenment stress on reason, optimism reform; hostility to recieved wisdom, arbitrary govt. superstition; religious tolerance & political equality; faith in science and education; belief in improvement, experimentation; secular cosmopolitan; "republic of letters"
French and Indian War 1756-1763 in Europe; called the Seven Years' War in America; in europe: England & Russia vs France; William Pitt's strategy; Battle of Plessey (India) 1757; 1759: Quebec falls; 1763: Treaty of Paris
Great Migration
Anne Hutchinson puritan spiritual advisor; mother of 15;
Impressment
Indentured Servants were men and women who signed a contract (also known as an indenture or a covenant) by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation to Virginia and, once they arrived, food, clothing, and shelter
Jamestown Settlements 2nd English attempt, 1607; 1609-10: the Starving Time: pop. went from 500-60; 1611: martial law established to restore order; 1614: colonist John Rolfe discovers how to grow tobacco; 1619: 1st africans (20 people) arrived in virginia as indentured servant
King Philips War 1675-76; Algonquian Indians squeezed between whites and Iroquois, losing land on both sides; religious tensions due to missionaries; role of praying indian sossoman; king philip's war america's costliest war in terms of percent of population lost
Leisters's Rebellion Boston's news reached NY-overthrew the Lt. Govt.; Leister a militia commander, backed by Dutch merchants & lower classes; only fatalities in America: Leister and father-in-law refused to step aside, tried for treason and hanged in 1691
Mercantilism Guilding economy philosophy in period, mercantilism assumes the world's wealth is a finite amount; for one nation to prosper, another has to lose; colonies exist solely for the benefit of the mother country; (colonies do not trade with the 'enemy'- other
Middle Passage
New France France est. Quebec in 1608, Montreal soon after; trapper economy; too cold for much agriculture; sparsely settled, loosely controlled by French Crown; Generally good relations with indigenous people- not farming; wars with English throughout the 18th cent
New Netherland Pluralistic from start; 18 languages in future NYC by 1630s, many religions; under-settled colony (9000 whites); surrendered to english in 1664
New Spain
Nonimportation Agreements a series of commercial restrictions adopted by American colonists to protest British revenue policies prior to the American Revolution. Britain's Stamp Act of 1765 triggered the first nonimportation agreements.
Penn's sylvania Est. as Quaker refuge by William Penn; paid delaware Indians 1200 for land; religious freedom, liberal franchise & penal code; French, German, immigrants welcomed; "Best Poor Man's Country"; Philadelphia biggest city by 18th century; tendency toward liber
Plymouth Settlement
Protestant Reformation
Puritans Calvinist (predestination), congregationalish churches; franchise by church membership; rule by the 'Saints' or 'godly' - not theocracies, but ministers have strong power; religiously orthodox, not after religious toleration
Quaker Invasion of Massachusetts Founded 1640s by George Fox: Society of Friends; all Christians saved who experience conversion; Inner light-experience of Holy Spirit within; equality of believers, refusal to swear oaths, rejection of ritual, pacifism; settled later in Rhode Island, lat
Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is the period of history of the Iberian Peninsula spanning approximately 770 years between the Islamic conquest of Hispania in 710 and the fall of the last Islamic state in Iberia at Granada to the expanding C
Roanoke 1st English colony set up in 1587-90 under Sir Walter; Raleigh; Queen Elizabeth on throne; England sent over 90 men, 17 women, 9 children; Colony disappeared after only 9 months; disappearance still an unsolved mystery
Royal Governors
Royal Proclamation of 1763
Salem Witch Trials Essex Co., Mass. Summer of 1692; Last gasp of European-wide phenomena of witch persecutions; 19 hanged, one pressed to death; area recently disturbed by Indian wars
Salutary Neglect from 17th century England; agricultural - meant more trouble with the Native America; growing throughout 17th century
Captain John Smith
Stamp Act an act of the British Parliament in 1756 that exacted revenue from the American colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents. Colonial opposition led to the act's repeal in 1766 and helped encourage the revolutionary
Tea Act 1773 (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain. The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company sur
Townshend duties A series of measures introduced into the English Parliament by Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend in 1767, the Townshend Acts imposed duties on glass, lead, paints, paper and tea imported into the colonies
Treaty of Paris, 1763 French threat gone, New England & NY secure; Huge war debt for England ($60 million); Tension between colonial & british military leaders
Triangle Trade Network
Virtual Representation British response to the First Continental Congress in the American colonies. The Congress asked for representation in Parliament in the Suffolk Resolves, also known as the first olive branch petition. Parliament claimed that their members had the well bei
Created by: kaciburke