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Histology 15-19

Histology Medical Terms Ch. 15-19

QuestionAnswer
ewing sarcoma malignant bone tumor
exostosis bony growth arising from the surface of bone
rheumatoid arthritis inflammation of joints
osteogenic sarcoma malignant tumor arising from bone
fissure a groove or crack-like sore
dislocation displacement of bone from its joint
mammography x-ray examination of the breast
papule a small (1 cm diameter), solid elevation of the skin
herniation of an intervertebral disc abnormal protrusion of a fibro-cartilaginous intervertebral disc into the neural canal or spinal nerves
synovial cavity space between bones at a synovial joint
exfoliative cytology cells are scraped from the region of suspected disease and examined under a microscope
bone marrow biopsy a small amount of bone marrow tissue is aspirated and examined under a microscope
malignant melanoma cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
cryosurgery tissue is destroyed by the application of intensely cold liquid nitrogen
carpal tunnel syndrome compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
fracture, pathological sudden breaking of bone caused by disease of bone or change in the tissue surrounding the bone
pustule small elevation of the skin containing pus
keratosis thickened area of the epidermis
nevus pigmented lesion of the skin
cyst thick walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
vesicle small collection of clear fluid; blister
verruca epidermal growth caused by a virus (wart)
chalazion small, hard cystic mass on the eyelid; formed as result of chronic inflammation of the sebaceous gland
cataract clouding of the lens of the eye
bursae closed sacs of synovial fuid lined with synovial membrane located near a joint
carcinoma solid tumor derived from epithelial tissue
sarcoma tumor derived from connective tissues
bunion abnormal swelling of the medial aspect of the joint between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone
laparoscopy procedure used to examine the abdominal cavity (peritoneoscopy)
stapes third ossicle of the middle ear
callus increased growth of cells in the horny layer of the epidermis due to pressure or friction
polyp a mushroom-like growth extending on a stalk from the surface of mucous membrane
kaposi sarcoma malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules usually on the lower extremities
shave biopsy tissue is excised using a cut parallel to the surface of the surrounding skin
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
macule a discolored (often red) flat lesion
keloid hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision
squamous cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis
osteoarthritis progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces
wheal smooth, slightly elevated, edematous area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
ganglion cyst a fluid-filled cyst arising from the joint capsule or tendon in the wrist
synovial fluid viscous fluid within the synovial cavity
hordeolum (stye) localized, purulent, inflammatory staphylococcal infection of a sebaceous gland in the eyelid
needle biopsy a needle is inserted into tissue and a core of tissue removed
punch biopsy core of tissue is removed by rotation by rotation of surgical instrument
adenoma benign tumor of glandular epithelial origin
Mohs surgery microscopically controlled surgery
osteomalacia softening of bone with inadequate calcium
lymphoma tumor derived from immune cells of the lymphatic system
pleomorphic composed of a variety of types of cells
ulcer an open sore or erosion of the skin or mucous membrane
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon
basal cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
rheumatoid arthritis chronic disease in which joints become inflamed and painful
leukoplakia white, thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek
osteoporosis decrease in bone density; thinning
muscle biopsy removal of muscle tissue for microscopic examination
meniscus crescent-shaped piece of cartilage that acts as a protective cushion
Created by: deeloused