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History 8 ch 17

Plains Native Americans relied on the Buffalo for food, shelter, and clothing; their way of life slowly came to an end
Helen Hunt Jackson wrote a book called “A Century of Dishonor” that told about the destruction of native culture
Cattle Trails typically ended at railroad junctions in the north
Transcontinental Railroad railroad that connected the east and west coasts; federal government encouraged railroad building by giving land to railroads; helped to encourage farming out west
End of the Cattle kingdom hot summers, freezing winters, sheep farmers, and farmers fencing in the open range led to the end of the cattle boom; cattle ranchers were forced to down size and buy or grow feed
Homestead Act helped farmers settle the plains by giving them 160 acres for a small fee, it was theirs to keep if they worked it for 5 years
Wounded Knee Battle in which many innocent Native Americans were killed; marked an end to the Indian Wars
“Wild West” Myth that referred to the belief that the west was a place of big opportunities, gun fight’s, and excitement
Cattle Industry Grew out of the new demand for beef after the Civil War; the railroad allowed ranchers to ship beef to both the eastern and western markets; harsh weather and economic depression bring the cattle kingdom to an end
Reservation land set aside for Native Americans; many disliked the practice of sending Native Americans there; those who went hoped to be left alone
Oklahoma Land Rush In 1889 the Federal Government opened up Oklahoma to settlement; homesteaders rushed in to claim land
Help for Farmers The Grange, Farmers Alliance, and the Populist Party all helped farmers gain higher prices for their goods
Immigrants helped build the railroad, worked as cowhands, and mined for gold
Boomtown after a strike miners would build a tent city, merchants would then move in, governments would be established, and when the ore dried up what was left was a ghost town
Great American Desert what many called the Great Plains because of its dry climate
Comstock Lode rich vein of gold and silver found in the Sierra Nevada’s in 1859
Cowhands low-paid workers who faced many dangers on the cattle drive
Grange were formed to help bring farmers together; provided them with educational and social opportunities
Populist Party pushed for reform; eight-hour workday and income tax were reforms from the populists
Promontory town in Utah where the transcontinental railroad was joined
Vaquero Mexican cowhand; many ideas for the American Cowboy came from them
Created by: PRO Teacher bmerkt