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Belief Systems Unit

Ahimsa Hindu belief in nonviolence and a reverence for all life
Animism Belief that the spirits and forces may live in animals, objects, or dreams
Anti-Semitism Prejudice against Jews
Apostles Leader or teacher or a new faith or movement
Atheism Belief that there is no god
Atman In Hindu belief, a person's essential self
Brahman According to Aryan belief, the single spiritual power that resides in all things
Caste In traditional Indian society, unchangeable social group into which a person is born
Covenant Binding agreement
Dharma In Hindu belief, an individual's religious and moral duties
Diaspora The scattering of people
Ethics Moral standards of behavior
Filial Piety Respect for parents
Hajj One of the Five Pillars of Islam, the pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims are expected to make at least once in thier lifetime
Hijra or Hejira or Hegira Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina
Icon Image; a conventional religious image; Holy image of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church
Ideology System of thought and belief
Jihad A struggle in God's service to overcome immorality or to spread or defend Islam, sometimes resulting in war
Karma In Hindu belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life
Marty Person who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs
Messiah Savior sent by God
Minarets Slender tower of a mosque, from which Muslims are called to prayer
Moksha In Hindu belief, the ultimate goal of existence, achieving union with Brahman
Monotheistic Believing in one God
Mosque Muslim house of worship
Muezzin Mosque official who climbs to the top of a minaret to call the faithful to prayer
Mummification Practice of preserving the bodies of the dead
Mystic Person who devotes his or her life to seeking spiritual truths
Nirvana In Buddhism, union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
Oracle bone Bone used by priests in Shang China to predict the future
Philosophy Believing in many gods
Prophet Spiritual leader believed to be interpreting God's will
Reincarnation Belief in the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
Sabbath Holy day for rest and worship
Schism Permanent division in a church
Sect Small religious group
Shrine Altar, chapel, or other place that is sacred
Veneration Special regard
Ziggurat Pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of an ancient Sumerian city-state
Created by: pfefee