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History Ch. 2

Ch. 2: Settling the West Study Guide

Virginia City 1. prospectors that came because of the Comstock Lode news 2. town with an opera house, hotels, 6 mile canyon 3. western U.S., Nevada 4. 1859 5. Comstock Lode news brought people here, turned to boomtown 6. many people came, admitted as state
Wounded knee 1. Ghost dancers and army 2. deadly battle, last battle 3. South Dakota, Wounded Knee Creek 4. December 29, 1890 5. government didn't want the dance to happen, Sitting Bull killed 6. when Ghost Dancers fled and army chased after them.
Prospectors 1. gold miners 2. goes to new territory to find gold 3. Nevada 4. late 1800s 5. money 6. when people heard of the news of the Comstock Lode,
Open range 1. ranchers and their cattle 2. vast area of grassland that federal government owned 3. West, Great Plains 4. late 1800s 5. free of charge and unrestricted by private property 6. when Americans moved West to heard cattle
Colonel John Chivington 1. part of the Colorado Volunteers 2. a colonel of the Colorado Volunteers group 3. Sand Creek Colorado, Black Kettle's camp 4. November of 1864 5. Native Americans brought to negotiate peace treaty 6. Chivington attacked camp
Leadville 1. miners who had heard of Pike's Peak discovery 2. one of West's famous boomtowns 3. Colorado, near Pike's Peak 4. 1870s 5. gold discovery, many people came for it 6. gold strike, 1,000 newcomers a week for it
1890 census 1. government and thousands of people that came 2. Oklahoma Land rush, end of an era, glut of wheat 3. Oklahoma 4. April 22, 1889-1900 5. government opened last territories for settlement 6. people came to stake lands, "closing of the frontier"
Pike's peak 1. miners who declared Pike's Peak or Bust 2. rush of miners when gold was discovered, thought to be a hoax 3. Colorado, near Pike's Peak 4. 1858 5. money, gold discovery 6. miners rushing to the area
Native American citizenship 1. native americans, congress 2. Act granting all native americans citizenship 3. Plains 4. 1924-Citizenship Act passed, 1934-Indian reorganization Act reversed Dawes Act 5. wouldn't leave area 6. Citizenship Act, Indian Reorganization Act
The Great Plains boundaries 1. settlers, farmers and ranchers 2. region of prairie 3. west of Mississippi River and east of Rocky Mountains in US and Canada 4. late 1800s 5. people moved for homesteads, farming methods came about 6. population grew after Civil War
Henry Comstock 1. prospector from Nevada 2. prospector that staked a claim and said land was his 3. Virginia City, Nevada 4. 1859 5. money, rich source found 6. tried to share fortune and sold claim for money
Lakota Sioux 1. another group of Sioux people 2. nomads who won control of their hunting grounds 3. Dakota territory, Great Plains 4. late 1800s 5. won control, another group of Sioux 6. Fetterman's Massacre, got hunting grounds from other native americans
Vaqueros 1. spanish cowboys 2. shared techniques for managing cattle, shared branding methods, contributed spanish words-lasso, etc. 3. Southwest, 4. late 1800s 5. interaction with americans, sharing of ideas 6. Hispanics worked as these, new methods taught
Placer/quartz/hydraulic mining 1. early prospectors 2. different ways to mine the land 3. Western U.S., California, 4. late 1800s 5. different ways to extract the silver ore and gold 6. debris washed into rivers, rivers overflowed, removed large quantities of gold efficiently
Vigilance committees 1. self-appointed volunteers 2. track down and punish wrongdoers 3. Nevada, boomtowns 4. late 1800s and order needed to be enforced 6. prospectors fought over claims, thieves haunted street and trails
"rain follows the plow" 1. settlers and government 2. phrase used to encourage people to move to Great Plains and buy homesteads, started to rain when people farmed 3. U.S., Europe, Great Plains 4. late 1800s 5. settlers moved for farming 6. pamphlets, posters
Little Crow 1. Dakota Sioux people that agreed to live on reservations for annuities but ended up launching a rebellion 3. Great Plains, Minnesota 4. 1862 5.conflict with settlers, never received annuities 6. launched a rebellion, fled reservations
Treaties/ Native Americans/ U.S. Government 1. native Americans, settlers who migrated 2. treaties guaranteed land broken, forced to relocate 3. Great Plains, Minnesota, Colorado 4. late 1800s 5. settlers migrated, N.A. raided wagons 6. settlers deprived N.A. of hunting grounds and territory
Indian Peace Commision 1. government and native americans 2. idea proposed to create two plain reservations for Indian tribes, keep peace, not successful 3. Plains 4. 1867 5. keep native americans together 6. Congress formed it, led to violence, poverty, dispair
Long drive 1.ranchers and their cattle 2. movement of 260,000 cattle to Missouri 3. Great Plains, Sedalia, Missouri 4.1866 5. profits, market 6. ranchers rounded up cattle, other cattle trails opened, railroads expanded
Effects of barbed wire 1. cowboys or ranch hands 2. new invention to fence in fields, caused conflicts 3. Texas, open range 4. late 1800s 5. cheap and easy, new invention to try 6. took away open fields, blocked cattle trails, led cattle industry to face struggles
Assimilation 1. Native Americans 2. wanted native americans to join american society as landowners and citizens 3. Plains 4. late 1800s 5. wanted landowners, thought of as a solution for native americans 6. Dawes Act altered reservation system , failed
Railroads and settlement on the Great Plains 1. prospectors, miners, ranchers 2. built in rocky mountains, expanded in West, allowed herds to be moved, 3. Missouri, Denver, Rocky Mountains 4. late 1800s 5. move cattle, supplies for mining 6. people came for boomtowns, used to move cattle
Great plains/wheat 1. farmers and landholders 2. new farming methods and inventions, dry farming 3. Great Plains 4. late 1800s 5. improve agriculture, easier to harvest crops 6. using steel plows, threshing machines, seed drills, reapers
Native Americans/ Buffalo 1. Native Americans nomads 2. main source of food for native americans 3. Great Plains, anywhere buffalo roamed 4. late 1800s 5. food source 6. followed buffalo, lived in farming and hunting communities
George Custer 1. Lieutenant colonel 2. led Seventh cavalry to fight indian tribes 3. Dakota Territory 4. June 25,1876 5. indians repulsed calvalry charge, campaign against them 6. three-pronged attack on largest group of N.A. in broad daylight
List 5 hardships endured by Great Plains settlers 1. settlers, farmers and ranchers 2. prairie fires, grasshopper swarms, temperatures, winters, no trees for building material 3. west of Mississippi River and east of Rocky Mountains 4. late 1800s 5. area was a dry grassland, 6. no building material
Created by: allisons18
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