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US1 - Chapter 2

United States History 1 - Chapter 2 The American Colonies Emerge

John Smith English explorer who helped found the colony at Jamestown, Virginia
Joint Stock Company A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and losses.
Powhatan An Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes, about 30 in all, in eastern Virginia; also the name of the tribal group
Charter of 1606 Established 2 joint stock companies (Plymouth and London companies), gave the right to establish settlements in North America and to mine gold, copper, and silver.
Headright System Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants or settlers to America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists to settle the New World.
Indentured Servant Settlers who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years.
Royal Colony Royal Colony A colony under the direct control of a monarch.
Nathaniel Bacon An English planter who led a rebellion of colonists in 1676 against the governor of the Virginia Colony
Puritan A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay Colony.
John Winthrop Puritan governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Speaker of "City upon a hill"
Separatists English Protestants who would not accept allegiance in any form to the Church of England; included the Pilgrims.
Plymouth Colony A colony established by the English Pilgrims, or Separatists in 1620. The Separatists were Puritans who abandoned hope that the Anglican Church could be reformed.
Massachusetts Bay Colony Colony founded in 1630 by John Winthrop, part of the Great Puritan Migration, founded by Puritans.Present day Boston.
Roger Williams A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson A Puritan woman who disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. She was banished and moved to Rhode Island.
Pequot War 1637 The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
Metacom or King Philip, Native American ruler, who in 1675 led attack on colonial villages throughout Massachusetts.
King Phillip's War In 1675, Native Americans attacked and burned English settlements. English fought back for over a year. Food shortages, disease and casualties caused N.A. to surrender or flee.
William Penn Son of a rich English Admiral, he set up a colony for Quakers in the New World, called Pennsylvania.
New Netherland Land colonized by the Dutch West India Company, that included parts of today's states New York, New Jersey, and Delaware. It was a diverse colony with many sorts of people and it was driven by fur trade.
Proprietor Owner or holder of property or of a colony.
Quakers Also, known as the "Society of Friends", they were considered religious radicals in England. They settled in Pennsylvania where practiced their inclusive and peace-loving faith.
Holy Experiment William Penn's colony, a place without a land owning aristocracy. He guaranteed every adult male settler 50 acres of land and the right to vote. Penn's plan called for a representative assembly and freedom of religion.
Duke of York King Charles II renamed the land west of the Hudson River New Jersey and gave the region between New England and Maryland to his brother, the Duke of York (later King James II of England) as a proprietary colony.
New Amsterdam 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island, which served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland.
City of Brotherly Love A symbol of Quaker beliefs; capital of Pennsylvania - Philadelphia. An area where all religions could worship freely.
Created by: butlerbulldogs