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Ch. 26-Cold War

Cold War-Ch. 26

QuestionAnswer
This term refers to the indirect but hostile conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union that began at the end of World War II. Cold War
Immediately after World War II, many of the countries of Eastern Europe were occupied by ________ troops. Soviet
Who signed a nonagression pact with Hitler in 1939 that made the U.S. later distrust him and his country? Joseph Stalin
Truman arranged for $600 million in aid be sent to postwar __________ and _____________ to stabilize those governments and prevent them from being communist. Greece and Turkey
The _______________ nations consisted entirely of eastern European nations and was dependent on and dominated by the Soviet Union. satellite (also Warsaw Pact)
The main goal of the Truman Doctrine was to stop the spread of ____________. communism
How did the Soviets respond to the efforts by the West to reunify Germany? Berlin blockade
$13.5 billion dollars in economic aid was provided to many foreign nations as part of the _____ . Marshall Plan
The defensive alliance known as _____ was the first military alliance that the United States ever entered during peacetime. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Aid to the Chinese Nationalists in the Chinese civil war was provided by which country? United States
Aid to the Chinese Communists in the Chinese civil war was provided by which country? Soviet Union
The Nationalists were defeated in the civil war in China largely because of the weak and corrupt leadership of _______________. Chiang Kai-Shek
The leader of the Nationalists was forced to flee to the island of ______ after his army was defeated. Taiwan
The leader of the Chinese Communists was ______ who set up the People’s Republic of China on the mainland. Mao Zedong
Which country sent troops into Korea when fighting neared its border? China
President Truman disagreed with General MacArthur about MacArthur’s plans to blockade and bomb _____. China
President Truman fired General ________ in response to his public criticism of Truman. MacArthur
The ______ became an important dividing line between North and South Korea. 38th parallel
The committee known as ________ became well known for investigating communism in the film industry. HUAC
Accusations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military were made by Senator _______ . Joseph McCarthy
The _____ decided not to cooperate with the investigation into whether the American film industry had been influenced by Communists and were sent to prison. Hollywood Ten
What famous government official was convicted of perjury after being accused of spying for the Soviet Union. Alger Hiss
In pronouncing sentence on ______ , Judge Irving Kaufman declared the crime “worse than murder” because it had put “into the hands of the Russians the A-bomb.” Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
When the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb, the United States responded by building a _____________ bomb. hydrogen
The policy of ______ threatened retaliation against acts of aggression against the United States. brinkmanship
As Secretary of State, ______ proposed that the United States declare its intention to use massive retaliation against any aggression. John Foster Dulles
The _______ was created by Truman to investigate persons who may have possible ties or sympathies toward communism. Loyalty Review Board
This law made it illegal to plot to establish a totalitarian dictatorship in the United States. McCarran Internal Security Act
What group’s covert actions helped to topple governments in Iran and Guatemala? CIA
The Eisenhower Doctrine was a warning to the Soviet Union against military intervention in this area of the world. Middle East
This U-2 pilot was convicted in the Soviet Union of espionage and later returned to the United States in exchange for a Soviet spy. Francis Gary Powers
This was the name of the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth. Sputnik I
Nikita Khrushchev became the leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin and was the one who ordered tanks in 1956 into ______to crush the government there. Hungary
The _____________ Pact was the official name of the military alliance that consisted of the Eastern European satellite nations dominated by the Soviet Union. Warsaw