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History 1

American History 1

QuestionAnswer
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas? The Treaty of Tordesillas was a treaty between Spain and Portugal in 1494, moving The Line of Demarcation west.
Who were the Spanish Conquistadores? They were Spanish adventurers in the new world.
In 1513, who was the Fist European to see the Pacific Ocean? Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama to see the Pacific Ocean.
In 1513 who claimed Florida for Spain while looking for gold? Juan Ponce De Leon.
Hernando Cortes went to the Aztecs of Mexico in what year? 1519
In 1528 who led a group of 400 men through the gulf coast region, from which only 4 returned? Panfilio De Narvaez.
Which Article of the Constitution describes the Supreme Court? III
Which house of Congress has the right to impeachment charges against the president according to Article I of the Constitution? House of Representatives
What does Article VII of the Constitution state? The process of ratifying the Constitution.
What does the eighth amendment to the constitution protect against? Excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
What percentage of the majority is needed to approve a proposed constitutional amendment? Three-fourths
What does the ninth amendment address? People's rights not addressed in the Constitution.
What article of the Constitution says that the president must be 35 years of age, and can be elected for four year terms without limit? II
What does the eleventh amendment state? That individual states may not be sued by people from another state.
Who is sometimes known as the Father of the Constitution? James Madison
Who was unanimously elected to be the chairman of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington
Which amendment abolished slavery? Thirteenth
What was the Anaconda plan? The Anaconda plan introduced in 1861 by Union General Winfield Scott basically was to press the Confederates on different sides to cause them to fail.
The Battle of (Blank) was fought on September 17, 1862 in . Antietam
In the impeachment process against the President, who determines the guilt or innocence of the president? Senate
According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the sole authority to suspend the writ of habeas corpus resides in (blank) The Congress
In James Madison's Federalist Paper No. 10, the most dangerous threat to the Constitution was presented by (blank) Factions
The Dutch colony at New Netherland had friendly relations with the neighboring Amerindians. True or False? True
The Puritans came to America in order to (blank) Create a perfect religious utopia.
James Otis earned fame for his defense of American political freedom in (blank) The Writs of Assistance case
The Boston Massacre happened after the (blank) the Townshend Duties
The debate between William Seward, Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster, Stephen A. Douglas, Salmon Chase, and Jefferson Davis all took part in resulted in the (Blank) The Compromise of 1820
The Battle of Saratoga (1777) was best known for (blank) Securing America an alliance with France
In 1632 England allowed its first proprietary colony as a refuge for Catholics in (blank) New York
Who was the author of the Great Compromise to the U.S. Constitution to the Philadelphia Convention of 1788? Roger Sherman
What Supreme Court Decision did Andrew Jackson hate? Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
What was not a major reform movement during the 1830's? Labor Unions
Jackson's reasons for his veto of the Second Bank of the United States included (Blank) 1. The Bank of The U.S. was a monopoly. 2. Fear of foreign control of the U.S. through the Bank 3. The bank's political uses of its funding 4. The Bank was unconstitutional
The historian most associated with the view of slavery as crushing the African-Americans into a "sambo personality" is (blank) Stanly Elkins
Northern denunciation of the Compromise of 1850 was directed primarily toward (blank) The Fugitive Slave Law
What was Lincoln's popular vote in the election of 1860? 40%
During the Civil War, how did Lincoln give evidence of his democratic beliefs? Sponsoring the Homestead Act
The Homestead act worked very well. True or false? False
According to most historians, what was the major failure of the Reconstruction? The inability to provide economic independence to ex-slaves.
Who was the president associated with the Sellout of 1876? William Howard Taft
What led to European discovery and exploration of the Americas? Development of new navigational instruments.
What was the key victory of British victory in the French and Indian war? Louisburg
What does the "Middle Passage" refer to? The voyage between Africa and the Americas taken by the slave traders.
Where did the Constitutional Convention take place in 1787? Philadelphia.
What did the Republicans do under Thomas Jefferson? Reduced federal budget.
What was the most important difference between the South and other sections of the U. S prior to 1860? Slavery
How many slaves lived in the South by 1860? 4 million
Who were the Federalist Papers written by? Anonymously by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison.
Secessionist feeling during the War of 1812 was strong in (blank) New England
By the middle 1760's who were the most influential citizens in New England? Laborers
What did the panic of 1857 fundamentally result from? Excessive investments in railroads.
What was Georgia started for? To allow debtors form English prisons to start a new life.
The Seven Years' War resulted in (blank after signing the Treaty of Paris in 1763? The Spanish obtained New Orleans and Louisiana.
What was part of the Treaty of Ghent? Restoration of territory taken during the war.
What does not appear on the Declaration of Independence? Religious toleration.
What did the Jay Treaty (1794) provide for? Evacuation of English troops from their posts along the Great Lakes.
What does "Copperhead" refer to? Northerners who opposed the Civil War.
Who was not an early explorer of North America? Francisco Pizarro
What product of the South was not in the "triangular Trade?" Cotton
What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 establish? The office of attorney general.
What Territory gained independence in 1836? Texas
What was the First Bank of the United States like? It was a joint state-federal government enterprise/
What was the response to the Stamp Act? Nonimportation of British goods.
What side was general William T Sherman on? Union
Who was the Supreme Court chief justice that oversaw the development of the Court's power to judge the constitutionality of acts of Congress? John Marshall
Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress lacked the power to (blank) Tax
Which group tended to support Federalists? Wealthy Merchants
Prior to 1763 the British policy of "salutary neglect" Did not enforce the Navigation Acts.
The Marbury v. Madison decision of 1803 established the principle that the Federal government had the power under the contract clause to protect property rights.
Which state had the greatest degree of urbanization in 1860? New York
Which book was likely to be found in the home of a colonial New Englander? Pilgrim's Progress
What political party did the followers of Andrew Jackson establish? Democratic
Beginning in the 1830's William Lloyd Garrison called for immediate emancipation of the slaves.
What did the Great Awakening of the 1740's result in? A split between religious traditionalists and religious radicals.
According to the Dread Scott decision Congress had no power over slavery in the territories.
Andrew Jackson's Specie Circular sought to slow down speculation in public land.
According to the Constitution, the president is elected by the electoral college
The War of 1812 resulted in Resumption to the status quo prior to the war.
On the eve of Columbus's first arrival in 1492, the native Indian population of the Western Hemisphere is estimated at 80- 100 million
Why did Columbus sail to the America's in 1492? To secure wealth and power for himself and the Spanish Throne.
Roger Williams is best known in history for an early champion of religious freedom.
Indentured servants in colonial America experienced low social status.
Why did the English pass the Stamp Act in 1765? To raise money for England's national debt.
After the revolution, loyalists did not create their own American colony in Ohio.
The Articles of Confederation created for the 13 states a league of friendship among 13 different independent countries.
In the 17th century married women were denied the right to vote for elected officials.
The passage of the Declaratory Act in 1766by Parliament was greeted in America by little attention to its statement of parliamentary sovereignty.
Created by: lea2001