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Chapter 2 & 3 US

US History Test

TermDefinition
Who was Christopher Columbus and what did he do? Christopher Columbas was a European explorer who discovered America.
Who was Vasco Nunez de Balboa and what did he do? Vasco Nunez de Balboa was a Spanish colonist and he explored the Caribbean coast which is now Panama.
Who was Ferdinand Magellan and what did he do? Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer and he was set out to find an Atlantic-Pacific passage. He was also the first person to circumnavigate the entire world.
Define Strait A narrow passage that connects two large bodies of water.
Define Circumnavigate Travel around the entire Earth.
What are 5 products sent from the Western Hemisphere to the Eastern hemisphere in the Columbian exchange? Maize (corn), Potato, Avocado, Turkey, and Pinapple
What are 5 products sent from the Eastern Hemisphere to the Western Hemisphere in the Columbian exchange? Wheat, Rice, Pig, Cow, and Watermelon
What are 5 dangers at sea the explorers feared? Smallpox, Chickenpox, Measles, Typhus, and other contagious diseases.
In 1519, where did Cortes sail from and where did he land? Cortes was a conquistador who sailed from Cuba to Mexico with more than 500 soldiers.
Define Conquistador Solider-Adventurers who set out to explore and conquer a world unknown to them.
Who was Moctezuma? Montezuma was an Aztec leader.
What are 2 reasons the Spanish were victorious over Native Americans? In Mexico, many Native Americans hated the Aztecs. In Peru, the civil war had ended.
What are 3 raw materials sent from the colonies to the home countries? Gold, Cotton, and Timber
What are 2 manufactured goods sent from home countries to the colonies? Clothing, and Furniture
Who was Coureurs de Bois? The French term for "runners of the woods," were independent traders who lived among the Indians.
Created by: johnnyharrod13