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Wilkin's History Ch5

What 2 nations had an intense rivalry at the beginning of the 18th century? Britain and France
What areas did both nations want control of? area west of Appalachian Mountains & coast of Newfoundland
What were France's strengths in their struggle against the British? strong and unified government, strategic forts, well-trained army, support of Indian tribes
What were Britain's strengths in their struggle against France? much larger population, support of Iroquois, strongest navy in the world
What group of Indians supported the British? Iroquois
What disputed valley settlement was the cause of the French and Indian War? Ohio Valley
Who led Virginia forces and acted as an aide to the British during the French and Indian War? George Washington
Who failed to keep the French from occupying Fort Duquesne? George Washington
Which British General led the action against Quebec? James Wolfe
Which British general was defeated near Fort Duquesne? Edward Braddock
What was Edward Braddock's lasting contribution to the War? new road to the frontier
Whose leadership brought the British to victory? William Pitt
Who led his troops to scale the cliffs of Quebec, which caused the fall of New France? James Wolfe
What forbade colonial settlement west of the Appalachians? Proclamation of 1763
What was the first attempt to unite America? the Albany Plan of Union
Who drafted the Albany Plan of Union? Benjamin Franklin
Which Indian chief led raids on frontier settlements after the war? Pontiac
How did British policies change after the war? Why? Colonists banned from going west, taxes increased, trade was controlled
What did the Navigation and Trade Acts do? controlled trade between colonies and foreign rivals
What did the Stamp Act do? taxed the work of colonial businessmen, especially lawyers and printers
What method did the colonists use to protest British taxes? boycotting
What man urged protests against British actions in Massachusetts? Samuel Adams
Who was the king of Britain during colonial discontent? George III
What did the colonists do in response to the Stamp Act? formed groups, met Congress
What became the colonists' rallying cry for opposing new taxes? No taxation without representation
Who said "Give me liberty or give me death"? Patrick Henry
How many patriots died on the streets during the Boston Massacre? 5
What was the reason for the Boston Tea Party? British had a monopoly on the tea trade
What were the Intolerable Acts? A series of acts, such as closing the port of Boston, designed to punish unruly Massachusetts
What alerted colonies of British threats and promoted opposition? Quebec Act
What was the First Continental Congress? statement of formal protests, yet declaring loyalty
Who made a famous ride through the countryside of Massachusetts? Paul Revere
Who were the minutemen? energetic militiamen ready to fight the British on short notice
Why did the British march to Concord and Lexington? they learned of a stockpile in Concord. They wanted to capture leaders
What marked the beginning of the War for Independence? Skirmishes of Lexington and Concord
Created by: 1348555001