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Chapter 10- Islam
Chapter 10 Test- Islam
|Who are the founders of Islam?
|Abraham and Muhammad as the center focus
|What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
|Declaration of Faith, Zakat (alms), Fasting (Ramadan), Daily Prayers, and Hajj
|What are believers NOT allowed to eat/drink?
|Pork - Anything non-kosher, alcoholic beverages - any intoxicating drinks
|Who were the four Caliphs after Muhammad?
|Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali
|What exceptions did the "People of the Book" have when they were conquered?
|They could continue to practice their own religion, and pay poll tax for exemption from the army
|What does the word "Jihad" mean?
|The word jihad means “striving” and can refer to the inner struggle against evil.
|What are the four social classes?
|The upper class-Muslims at birth. Converts to Islam-second class. The third class- “protected people” and included Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians. The lowest class-slaves.
|What do the rights of a Muslim woman include?
|Men and women are equal, had legal rights concerning marriage, family, and property.
|What do Sunni and Shi'a believe about one another?
|They both believe the other has distorted various passages of the Qur'an .
|Are there more Sunni or Shi'a in Islam?
|There are more Sunni; more than 75%.
|What was the leading city and the cultural center of Islamic learning?
|Damascus was the leading city.
|Who was Al - Razi?
|The greatest Muslim scholar.
|What did Al - Razi write?
|An encyclopedia called "The Comprehensive Book" and "Treatise On Smallpox and Measles".
|What was Ibn Rush criticized for?
|He was criticized for blending Aristotle and Plato's views with those on Islam.
|When do Muslims fast, and for how long?
|In Ramadan, from sunrise to sunset.
|What is Hajj?
|The pilgrimage to Makkah to the house of worship; the Ka'aba
|What is a Caliph?
|A righteous Muslim leader that lead after Muhammad.
|What did the four caliphs do?
|They spread Islam and built a Muslim empire.
|What is the Ulama?
|Teachers/scholars who apply the words and deeds of Muhammad to everyday life.
|What was one responsibility that every woman had, no matter their status?
|Everyone woman was responsible for raising children?
|Where is the ka'aba located?
|In Makkah, Saudi Arabia
|Through which forms did people express themselves?
|Through calligraphy, art, woodwork, glass, ceramics, and textiles.
|Where was the Great Mosque of Damascus located?
|It was built on the site of a Christian Church.
|How did Muslim scientists prefer to solve problems?
|Muslim scientists preferred to solve problems by conducting experiments in laboratory settings.
|Who produced a mathematical book and what is it called?
|Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), a brilliant mathematician, produced a book called Optic.