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Geography of the US

Geography Review

TermDefinition
Graph Describing
Geo Earth
Geographers Study Earth and its land, features, and people.
Globe a sphere that is a model of Earth and most accurately represents it.
Geography the study of our physical surroundings and how humans interact with them
Compass a tool or instrument for finding directions
Earth a sphere, or something shaped like a ball
Maps are important because They help people understand geography or the study of the world around us and its people.
Intermediate directions Points between the cardinal directions
Compose rose a symbol that shows all or some of these cardinal directions
Equator splits the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres
Prime Meridian splits the earth into the Western and Eastern hemisphere
Pacific Ocean The largest Ocean
Arctic Ocean The Smallest Ocean
Continents Large masses of land
Asia The largest continent
Australia The smallest continent
Latitude imaginary line called a parallel that runs west and east around Earth
Longitude an imaginary line called a meridian that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole
Meridians of Longitude The Lines that run between the North Pole to the South Pole
Physical features a part of Earth's surface including landmasses and bodies of water
Tributary a smaller stream that runs into a river
Mouth Where a river empties into a larger body of water such as a ocean and lake
Bay similar to a gulf, but is usually smaller
Gulf When a portion of the sea is surrounded by land but has a small opening.
Landform A physical feature on Earth's surface
Plain One major type of land form that are mostly flat, cover more than 1/3 of the area, and they exist on every continent.
Mountain rise above the surrounding land and usually have steep sides
Mountain range a row of connected mountains
Hill a smaller area of land that rises above the surrounding land
Valley Between ranges of mountains or hills are low areas
Peninsula area of land has water around on three sides
cape a piece of land that juts out into the water and usually smaller or narrower than a penisula.
Island land completely surrounded by water
delta formed when soil is deposited at the mouth of a river, and shaped like a triangle or a birds foot.
government the organization that makes the laws in a country, state or community and has the power to enforce them.
Regions US are broken into 5 areas
Climate weather elements such as temperature rainfall, and wind, that are measured over a period of time in an area
elevation the distance above sea level
vegetation the types of plants in an area or a region.
Grassland Short and tall grasses that are used to cold and hot temperatures grow here
cartographers People who design and create maps
Physical Map a map made from what people can see
Climate Maps made from data that is collected by taking measurements
Political Map different states and countries agree on where their borders are and record them.
Economic Map can show how much things cost in an area or how much people make.
Created by: spotsville2
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