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Ancient Middle East

Early Civilizations and Religions

Which religion is the Koran and jihad are most closely associated with? Islam
The Torah includes five chapters of the... Old Testament
What is Halal? Islamic dietary law of slaughtering animals through a cut to the jugular vein, carotid artery and windpipe.
Five Pillars of Islam Faith, Prayer, Charity, Fasting, and Pilgrimage
Why did ancient civilizations develop in valleys of rivers such as the Nile and the Tigris and Euphrates? Cradle of Civilization, Fertile Soil, Transportation
Hieroglyphics and cuneiform systems provided the basis for the development of... Recorded History
What two religions use the Ten Commandments as guidelines for daily living ? Judaism and Christianity
What is Mesopotamia also known as? Fertile Crescent
Mesopotamia is located between what two rivers? Tigris and Euphrates
First group of people who belonged to the first known empire in history Akkadians
Name a major contribution of the Sumerians Ziggurats, Astronomy, math, number system, 60 minute hour, 60 second minute, and 360 degree circle
Name a major achievement Ancient Babylonians had other than the Code of Hammurabi Basic algebra, geometry, calendars, Hanging Gardens, well-trained army and irrigation
Cuneiform is to Sumer as what is to Egypt Hieroglyphics
What does the “gift of the Nile” refer to? Annual flooding of the Nile River which provided fertile soil along its banks
Building of pyramids as temples for dead pharaohs, and putting possessions within the pyramid shows Egyptians believed in what? After Life
Name an achievement ancient Egyptians made in medicine Honey as an anti-septic, metal work- surgical tools, removing organs to preserve body
The alphabet (consisting of 22 characters) is a major contribution of what ancient civilization? Phoenicians
What was a major contribution of the Lydians? Coins, money, and economy
What material did the Hittites make weapons out of? Iron
What group of people had one of the world’s first libraries? Assyrians
What did the Code of Hammurabi demonstrate about Ancient Babylonian society? Punishments demonstrated a difference in classes, and in value of gender (males were more valued in society than females)
“ If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off his hand. If a nobleman has destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy, they shall destroy his eye" Code of Hammurabi
What holy city do Judaism, Christianity and Islam have in common? Jerusalem
What is the significance of the Code of Hammurabi? Written Law, and protects man from others in society
What type of government did the Egyptians and Persians share? Bureaucracy
Created by: ccdpittsford



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