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US History Standard 5

Articles of Confederation This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution.
Shay's Rebellion this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working;
Federalist supporters of the Constitution and strong central govt
Anti-Federalist opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of independant states
Checks and Balances A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
The Federalist Papers This collection of essays by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, explained the importance of a strong central government.
3/5ths compromise the decision at the Constitutional convention to count slaves as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of deciding the population and determining how many seats each state would have in Congress
Great Compromise The agreement by which Congress would have two houses, the Senate (where each state gets two senators) and the House of Representatives (representation is based on population).
Bill of Rights The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
1st Amendment freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
2nd Amendment right to bear arms
3rd Amendment No quartering of Soldiers
4th Amendment No unreasonable searches or siezures
5th Amendment Due process of law
6th Amendment Right to a fair, speedy trial
7th Amendment Right to a trial by jury
8th Amendment Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
9th Amendment rights not mentioned in the constitution belong to the people
10th Amendment states retain powers not delegated under the Constitution and not prohibited by it to the states
Constitution detailed, written plan for government for our nation
Created by: croper1