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Infection control

Infection control terms

TermDefinition
MICROORGANISM A small living organism that is not visible to the naked eye.
NONPATHOGENS Microorganisms that are a part of normal flora in the body and are beneficial in maintaining certain body processes.
PATHOGENS Microorganisms that cause disease and infection
AEROBIC ORGANISM These type or microorganisms require oxygen to live
ANAEROBIC ORGANISM This type of microorganism can live and reproduce in the absence of oxygen
BACTERIA CAUSED DISEASE Gonorrhea, Meningitis, and Pneumonia
PROTOZOA CAUSED DISEASE Malaria, Amebic Dysentery, Trichmonas, and African Sleeping Sickness
FUNGI CAUSED DISEASE Ringworm, Athlete's Foot, yeast vaginitis, and thrush
RICKETTSIAE CAUSED DISEASE Typhus Fever and Rocky Mountain Spotted fever
VIRUS CAUSED DISEASE Common cold, Measles, Mumps, Chickenpox, Influenza, and Polio
HEPATITIS B is Inflammation of the liver, caused by the HBV virus. It is transmitted by blood, serum and other bodily
ENDOGENOUS The infection originates within the body, like metabolic disorders
EXOGENOUS Means the infection or disease originates outside the body. Pathogens that invade the body, radiation, chemical agents, trauma, electric shock and extreme temperatures
NOSOCOMIAL An infection that is acquired by a person in a health care facility such as a hospital or long term care.
OPPORTUNISTIC This infection occur when the body's defenses are weak, such as Pneumocystis that occur when a person has AIDS
STERILE This means to be free of all organisms, both pathogenic and nonpathogenic, including spores and viruses.
ANTISEPSIS They prevent or inhibit the growth of pathogenic organisms
DISINFECTION This is a process that destroys or kills pathogenic organsms. It is not always effective against spores and viruses
STERILIZATION This process destroys all microorganism, both pathogenc , nonpathogenic, including spores and viruses. They used steam under pressure, gas, radiation and chemicals.
BIOTERRIORISM The use of microorganisms,or biological agents, as warfare to infect humans, animals, or plants
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Created by: healthjuniors