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History 8 ch 16

Reconstruction Test

QuestionAnswer
Ten Percent Plan Lincoln’s plan to restore the Union as quickly and easily as possible; required 10% of southern voters to swear an oath of loyalty before they could return to the Union
Wade-Davis Bill Required 50% of southern voters to swear an oath of loyalty before a state could return to the Union
Freedmen Former slaves now free; lacked education and money
John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln and ended hopes of a “soft” plan for Reconstruction
13th Amendment Abolished(ended) slavery; criminals can be forced to work; included states and territories
14th Amendment made anyone born in the United States citizens(applied to all slaves)
15th Amendment gave Blacks the right to vote
Ku Klux Klan Used violence and terror to keep Blacks from voting and entering political office
Grandfather Clause Helped allow only white men to vote; if your father or grandfather could vote before 1868 then you could; whites did not have to take a literacy test
New South Term refers to the development of Southern industry to make them more self sufficient; they wanted to depend less on the North
Radical Reconstruction Name given to Congressional Reconstruction; very harsh(hard) on the South; Imposed military rule in the South; threw out Governments who refused to ratify the 15th Amendment
Johnson’s Plan 50% of voters had to swear an oath of loyalty and states had to ratify the 13th Amendment; states could then organize new governments and elect representatives
“Jim Crow” legislation Laws that segregated Blacks and Whites; they were segregated in restaurants, schools, cars on railroads, bathrooms, and many other public facilities
End of Reconstruction As reconstruction became unpopular it came to an end; African Americans lost most of their civil and political rights at this time
Impeachment Congress and President Johnson disagreed over how to deal with the South and who should determine the plan for Reconstruction; this disagreement later led to Johnson’s impeachment
Freedmen’s Bureau helped provide relief to Blacks and Whites displaced by the war; gave them food, shelter, clothing, etc.; started schools and helped former slaves find work
Ku Klux Klan organized by Whites angry about their loss of power; used terror and violence to keep Blacks out of power and deny them rights such as voting
Carpetbaggers Name given to whites who went south to start businesses or pursue careers in politics
Amnesty Pardon for a group of people
Poll Tax tax paid before voting
Plessy v. Ferguson established legal segregation in the South as long as the facilities were “separate but equal”; they were rarely equal; denied African Americans their full Civil Rights
Created by: PRO Teacher bmerkt