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Colonial A-Day 7-8

Iroquois Confederacy formed in 1570, and made up of first five and then six Iroquis nations located in central and western New York
Indentured Servants people who contracted to work as many as seven years to repay the cost of their passage to the new world
Triangular Trade Trans-Atlantic trade between Europe, Africa and North America.
Middle Passage the voyage from Africa to the new world
Democracy A government by the people
Republic voters elect representatives who speak and act for other citizens in the business of government.
Magna Carta A document that restricted the kings power
Writ of Habeas Corpus the right to be brought before a judge and jury
Parliament Legislative body of the British Government
Representative Government Indirectly or directly chosen representatives speak for the people
Rule of Law Restriction of abritary exercise of power
Natural Rights Rights everyone is born with,them being life, liberity and property
Enlightenment An intellectual movement that held reliance on reason and experience would lead to social progress
Social Contract People agree to form a state and grant to its government the powers necessary to protect their natural rights
Charter A written graunt by a country's legislative, or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company, college, or city is created and its rights and privleges defined.
Mayflower Compact Pilgrams signed this contract in which colonists consented to be governed.
Salutary Neglect Manner in which England governed the American colonies in the late 1600s and early 1700s, marked by weak enforcement of laws regulating colonial trade.
Mercantilism economic system based on a favorable balance of trade
Articles of Confederation the first American Constitution
Marbury v. Madison established the courts most significant right- that of judicial review
Gibbons v. Ogden landmark decision in which the supreme court of the U.S. held the power to regulate interstate commerce expanded the powers of the national government in the area of commerce through a broad interpretation of the congressional power to regulate interstate
McCulloch v. Maryland 1819, upheld the creation of a national bank. strengthened federal supremacy over state law, the use of elastic clause and national economic interests
Created by: demorton
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