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INTRODUCTION TO SS

TERMS

TermDefinition
Geography the study of the Earth's surface
Geographer someone who studies Geography
Continent one of the seven main landmasses of the globe
Hemisphere one of the halves into which the earth is divided
Landforms a feature of the earth's surface formed by physical force (mountains, valleys, coral reefs, plains, plateaus
Physical Features attributes/characteristics of the earth that are visible (peninsula, bay, harbor)
Latitude imaginary horizontal lines; measures distance north or south from the equator of a point on the earth's surface; called parallels
Longitude imaginary vertical lines: measures distance east or west from the Prime Meridian of a point on the earth's surface.
Prime Meridian Imaginary line that divides earth into 2 equal east/west halves
GPS Global Positioning System
Coordinates the absolute location of a place
Scale a measuring line that helps determine distance on a map
Cartography creating maps
Cartographer A person who creates maps
Demography the study of the characteristics of human population
Demographer one who studies the characteristics of human population
Culture the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group: • Religion/values; Knowledge; Innovation; Holidays; Traditions; Food; Dress; Homes; Artistic expressions; Social Structure
Civilization an advance form of culture that developed in cities
Natural resource a material that humans can take from the environment. Ex: coal, iron, fish
Primary source firsthand information about people or events. Ex: diaries, letters, and autobiographies
Secondary source is an account provided after the fact by people who did not directly witness or participate in the event. Ex: textbook, Wikipedia, books and articles written by historians.
Equator line that circles Earth halfway between the N and S
Bias prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Historical Narrative writing history in a story-based form
Perspective One’s perspective of life is based upon their worldview
Plausible Reasonable or probable
Created by: WIMS
 

 



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