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USH: Unit 1

Inventing the Republic

What motivated Europeans to come to the British colonies in North America and settle? They were risk takers that wished for food, exportation, profit, commodity, rexource, independence, greed, change, vanity, etc.
What was the economic relationship between England and its American colonies?
How did the policy of salutary neglect after 1688 plant the seeds of self-government in the American colonies?
How does salutary neglect unintentionally lead to traditions of self government in the American colonies?
What is a colony? An area settled by immigrants/descendents who remain SUBJECTS to the mother country. The colies are to benefit the mother country.
What is Mercantilism? It is the belief in the profit of trading items.
What were the Navigation Acts? Acts that were not fully enforced. No country was able to trade with the coloies unless it was through British ships because England was the primary beeficiary of colonial trade.
What is salutary neglect? Ignorance of someone else. The British neglected the colonists.
What is indentured servitude? A poor person that was paid to become a servant for the rich so as to be able to live in the colony.
What is a cash crop? It is a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use of its grower.
What is a triangular trade? a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another.
What is a middle passage? the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
How did the French & Indian War lead to tension between the colonists and the British government?
What was the French & Indian War? 1754–63. The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years' War. ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
What was the Treay of Paris? ended the French and Indian War between Great Britain and France. In terms of the treaty, France gave up all its territories in mainland North America, ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? issued October 7, 1763, by King George III following Great Britain's victory in the war, forbade all settlement past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains.
What was the Sugar Act? An act that British put taxes on sugar that the colists were supposed to buy.
How did the colonists resist taxation by the British? They would boycott the certain product that was being currently taxed.
What was the growing tension in Massachusetts?
What did colonists conclude about the outcome of their anti-tax protests?
What were the causes and outcomes of the battles at Lexington and Concord?
What was the Stamp Act? It required colonists to buy special stamped paper for all legal documents and newspapers, "stamp duties", and on cards/dice.
Who were the Sons of Liberty? A secret resistence organization created in Boston. They harassed the people that were issuing the Stamp Act.
What was the Townshend Act? They were revenue laws created by Charles Townshed that were indirect taxes on imported materials such as tea.
What was the Boston Massacre? A fight that broke out on March 5, 1770 due to the competition for jobs between teh colonists and the soldiers.
What was the Boston Tea Party? On December 16, 1773 the Boston rebels overthrew tea from 3 British ships into the Boston Harbor as a revolt of the Tea Act.
Who was King George III? The King of England at the time when colonists were inhabiting America. He committed much genocide to his people abroad.
What were the committees of correspondence?
What were the Intolerable Acts? An act that shut down the Boston Harbor for the colonists.
What was martial law? It is when the government/nation is being controlled by the army/military.
Who were minutemen? They were civilian sodiers that stockpiled gunpowder and firearms for the Patriots.
What did Thomas Paine argue in the pamphlet "Common Sense"?
What impact did Thomas Paine's arguments have on public opinion in the colonies?
Why did the 2nd Continental Congress believe that it was necessary to write a formal declaration of independence?
What did Thomas Jefferson argue in the Declaration of Independence?
How did the Loyalists differ from the Patriots?
What group made up the Loyalists?
What group made up the Patriots?
What was the Second Continental Congress?
What was "Common Sense"?
Who was Thomas Paine?
Who was Thomas Jefferson?
What is the "Declaration of Independence"?
How was the Continental Army able to capture Trenton?
Why was the Battle of Saratoga considered the turning point of the war?
What was significant about the winter at Valley Forge?
How did America's European Allies contribute to the war?
How did the colonists defeat the British at Yorktown?
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
How did the American Revolution become an important symbol of liberty?
In what ways did the American Revolution fail to change the life of women and African Americans?
What was the Battle of Yorktown?
Who was Friedrich von Steuben?
Who was Marquis de Lafayette?
Who was General Charles Cornwallis?
Who was General John Burgoyne?
What is egalitarianism?
What is a republic?
Created by: 100002337045141
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