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Gov't Voc. Ch. 3

TermDefinition
articles division
jurisdiction authority
supremacy clause article Vl says that the constitution, laws passed by congress, and treaties of the US should be viewed as "the supreme law of the land"
popular sovereignty rule by the people
federalism power is divided between national and state governments
separation of powers each branch has its own responsibilities, a system that the founders hoped would prevent any branch from gaining too much power
checks and balances each branch of the government exercises some control over the others.
vetoing rejecting
judicial review the power of the courts to declare laws and actions of local , state, or national governments invalid if they violate the constitution
expressed powers powers directly stated in the constitution
enumerated powers powers in the constitution that are numbered
elastic clause the final enumerated clause that gives Congress the power to to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of article 1
federal bureaucracy group made up of all executive branch employees
ratify approved
petition appeal
balanced budget one in which the federal government's spending never exceeds its income
impeach accuse
treaty agreement between nations
executive agreement an agreement made between the president and the head of state of another country
judicial restraint holds that the court should avoid taking the initiative on social and political questions
judicial activism holds that the court should play a role in shaping national policies
prior restraint government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast
probable clause the police must have a reasonable basis to believe the person or premises is linked to a crime
search warrant a legal document authorizing a police officer or other official to enter and search the premises for specific items
arrest warrant a court order signed by a judge that names an individual to be arrested for a specific crime
eminent domain the power of government to take private property for public use such as to build a highway, a dam, or a park
due process of law the government must follow proper constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals
lame ducks inactive officials that had little influence and accomplished little
poll taxes taxes paid in order to vote
amendment changes
Created by: christian.harris
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