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Unit 1

Exploration and Colonization Introduction

QuestionAnswer
Who was Marco Polo? European explorer who walked to China in 1290
What did Marco Polo find in Asia? Silk, spices, paper money
Why is Marco Polo important? He told people about the nice things they had in China and everybody in Europe wanted to get some.
Europeans in the 14th century wanted to trade with China. What was the problem? It was a long walk through deserts, mountains and lands ruled by criminals.
Why did Christopher Columbus sail west in 1492? He was looking for a short cut to Asia.
Marco Polo traveled in 1290. Christopher Columbus sailed in 1492. Why did it take so long for Columbus to get going? Marco Polo's book wasn't widely read until after the printing press was invented in 1440.
What is migration? Moving from place to place
What is a push factor? a reason people choose to move away from their homes
What is a pull factor? a reason people choose to move to a particular place
When was Jamestown founded? 1607
Why was Jamestown important? It was the first permanent English settlement in North America
Why did the Jamestown colonists come? This was first and foremost an economic venture; they wanted to make money.
What did the Jamestown colonists find when they arrived in North America? 15,000 Native Americans called the Powhatan tribe
Why did most of the original Jamestown colonists die? Starvation, drought, poor sanitation, disease, Indian attacks
What is an explorer? a person who goes into the unknown because he wants to find out what's there