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U.S, history ch.2

QuestionAnswer
Christopher Columbus Columbus was an explorer. In 1492, he sailed from Europe to America. He and his sailors crossed the Atlantic Ocean, not knowing where they would land. It was a place into the unknown. After Columbus, other Europeans began to explore and settle in .
Vasco De Balboa is a 16th-century Spanish conquistador and explorer(1475-1519) helped establish the first stable settlement on the South American continent at Darién, on the coast of the Isthmus of Panama.
Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480-1521) set out from Spain in 1519 with five ships to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean.
Strait a narrow passage of water connecting two seas or two large areas of water.
Circumnavigate go around or across (something).
Conquistadors a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Hernando Cortes was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. Was appointed to governor of New Spain in 1522.
Montezuma ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. during which time he expanded the empire and was considered a god by his people and a manifestation and perpetuator of the sun.
Plantation a colony.
Encomiendas a grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area.
Bartolome Las Casas (c. 1484 – 18 July 1566) was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar. He became the first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and the first officially appointed "Protector of the Indians".
Mission an important assignment carried out for political, religious, or commercial purposes, typically involving travel.
Peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.
Samuel de Champlain Samuel was an explorer who founded the Canadian city of Quebec. He helped colonize French North America, formerly called New France, and is often called the “Father of New France.
Jacques Cartier was sent by King Francis I to the New World in search of riches and a new route to Asia in 1534. His exploration of the St. Lawrence River allowed France to lay claim to lands that would become Canada.
Alliance a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.
Created by: mf02171