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US History Chapter 2

Term Definition
Christopher Columbus Explorer from Spain, wanted to find a western route to Asia, discovered the west indies, and hispaniola
Vasco De Balboa Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. Best known for having crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific ocean in 1513. First european to lead an expedition to have seen or reached the pacific from the new world.
Ferdinand Magellan The first circumnavigation of the Earth, from Europe to East, and to West; for the first expedition from Europe to Asia by the West; and for captaining the first expedition across the Atlantic Ocean to the Strait of Magellan and across the Pacific Ocean
Straight naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water.
Circumnavigate to sail around the world
Conquistadors A conqueror, especially one of the 16th-century Spanish soldiers who defeated the Indian civilizations of Mexico, Central America, or Peru.
Hernando Cortes Conquered the Aztecs Empire (1519-1521) with 508 men muskets, and 16 horses Defeated Montezuma Governor of Mexico Mexico becomes a Catholic country Sent enormous amounts of silver black to spain
Montezuma Last Aztec emperor in Mexico He was overthrown by the Spanish conquistador Hernando
Plantation a usually large farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers.
Ecomiendas Spanish soldier or colonist was granted a tract of land or a village together with its Indian inhabitants. the land or village together with its inhabitants.
Bartolome Las Casas was a 16th-century Spanish historian, social reformer and Dominican friar. He became the first resident Bishop of Chiapas, and the first officially appointed "Protector of the Indians".
MIssion a goal
Penninsula is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.
Samuel de Champlain French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec
Jacques Cartier He sailed in search of the Northwest Passage. He did not find the route but he did sail up the St. Lawrence River
Alliance a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes
Created by: 10000sadshovels