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S.S. Chapter 1 AND 2

TermDefinition
Spatial Thinking A way of thinking about space on Earth's surface, including where places are located and why they are there.
Geographic Pattern A similarly among places
Absolute Location The Exact point where a place is located, identified by latitude and longitude coordinates.
Relative Location The position of a place in relation to other places.
Continent A large landmass on Earth surface; Earth has seven continents
Terrace A flat surface that is built into a hillside
Latitude An imaginary line around Earth that runs east to west showing location relative to the equator
Equator An imaginary circle around the earth that is the same distance from the North Pole and South Pole and divides the earth in half; the center or 0° line of latitude
Longitude An imaginary line running north to south from the North Pole to the South Pole that shows location relative to the prime meridian
Prime meridian The line of 0° longitude that runs from the north to south pole and passes through Greenwich,England
Hemisphere One half of the Earth
Scale The part of a map that indicates how big of an area of the Earth is shown
Elevation The height of a physical feature above sea-level
Projection The way of showing Earth's curved surface on a flat map
Solstice The point at which the sun is farthest north or farthest south of the Equator; the beginning of summer and winter
Equinox When a day and night are equal length; it occurs 2x a year September 21st or 22nd and March 21st or 22nd
Tectonic plate A section of Earth's crust that floats on Earth's mantle
Erosion The process by which rocks and soil slowly break apart and are worn away
Ring of Fire An area along the rim of the Pacific Ocean where tectonic plates meet, causing active volcanoes and earthquakes
Climate The average condition of the atmosphere of an area over a long period Of time including temperature precipitation and seasonal change
Weather The condition of the atmosphere at a particular time including temperature precipitation and humidity for a particular day or week
Raw material Unfinished or natural materials such as minerals oil or coal used to make finished products
Non-renewable resource A source of energy that is limited and cannot be replaced such as oil
Renewable resource A raw material or energy source that replaces itself over time
Ecosystem A community of living organisms in their natural environment or habitat
Culture A group's way of life, including types of food, shelter, clothing, language, behavior, and ideas.
Monotheistic religion A system unbelief in one god or deity
Polytheistic religion A system of belief in many gods or deities
Free enterprise economy A system which is privately owned businesses create goods and services also called a market economy or capitalism
Gross domestic product The total value of all goods and services produced in a country in a given year
Created by: Mhb1404
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