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SSUSH3 and 4

US History Standards 3 and 4

TermDefinition
French and Indian War British fighting French in colonies over the Ohio River Valley; British win and begin taxing colonies to pay war debt.
Treaty of Paris 1763 End of French & Indian War – caused British to start taxing colonies to pay war debt
Proclamation of 1763 British proclamation that colonists can’t settle past App. Mtns.
Stamp Act British action that colonists have to pay extra tax on printed materials. First direct tax on the colonists
Intolerable Acts British action that took away colonists rights as British “citizens” – lead to more unrest in colonies
Sons and Daughters of Liberty Secret societies formed to protect the rights of the colonists and to fight taxation by the British government.
Common Sense Written by Thomas Paine. Changed the colonists minds about independence.
Thomas Paine Colonist (patriot) who wrote Common Sense telling Americans why we needed independence
Declaration of Independence Colonial document in 1776 alerting England that the colonies were no longer going to obey King & Parliament.
Thomas Jefferson Writer of Declaration of Independence & 3rd President of the US
Baron Von Steuben Prussian office that helped establish a program of training at Valley Forge
Marquis de Lafayette French military officer – helped train colonial militia during Revolution
George Washington Leader of American army during Revolution – raised troop morale. First president of United States
Valley Forge Washington trained troops at this place during the winter with help – kept them alive during harsh winter.
Yorktown Final battle of Revolution – Cornwallis surrenders after being surrounded on a peninsula
Treaty of Paris 1783 Treaty that brings about the formal end of American Revolution – United States is recognized.
Lord Cornwallis Commander of British Army – surrendered to American “rebels” at Yorktown
Boston Massacre incident on March 5, 1770, in which British Army soldiers killed five male civilians and injured six others.
Battle of Trenton Washington leads troops in surprise attack on Dec 26th 1776 that improves morale enough to continue fighting.
Created by: croper1